Medical tourism in India and heart cardiac surgery

Medical tourism in India and heart cardiac surgery Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States as of 2007. Thus Cardiac surgery is a procedure on the heart and/or vessels performed by a specialized trained surgeon. Some of the common heart diseases are-:

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Cardiovasculaysteinemia and hypercholesterolemia.
  • Hereditary heart disease,
  • Hypertensive heart disease
  • Inflammatory heart disease,
  • Valvular heart disease

These heart ailments can also be broken down according to the origination. 1. Diseases of the Electrical System of the Heart 2. Diseases of the Muscle of the Heart 3. Diseases of the Outer Lining of the Heart 4. Diseases of the Heart Valves 5. Diseases of the Blood Vessels of the Heart 6. Diseases related to infections and Inflammation of the Heart Diseases of the Electrical System of the Heart These diseases are also referred as Cardiac electrophysiology. It the science of the mechanisms, functions, and performance of the electrical activities of specific regions of the heart. Names of few diseases are-:

  • Tachycardia
  • Cardiac arrhythmias
  • Premature ventricular contraction
  • Ventricular tachycardia
  • Ventricular fibrillation
  • Sick sinus syndrome
  • Bundle branch block
  • Heart block
  • Brugada syndrome
  • Long QT syndrome
    • Andersen-Tawil syndrome
    • Romano-Ward syndrome
    • Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome
  • Short QT syndrome
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW syndrome)

Diseases of the Muscle of the Heart It is also referred to as the Disorders of the myocardium. The common diseases that effect the muscles of the heart are-:

  • Cardiomyopathy
    • Ischemic cardiomyopathy
    • Nonischemic cardiomyopathy
    • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy)
    • Restrictive cardiomyopathy
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Ventricular hypertrophy
  • Myocardial rupture

Diseases of the Outer Lining of the Heart It is also referred to as the disorders of the pericardium. The common diseases that effect the outer lining of the heart are-:

  • Pericarditis
  • Pericardial tamponade
  • Constrictive pericarditis

Diseases of the Heart Valves singapore heart medical The common diseases that effect the heart valves are-:

  • Aortic valve disorders
  • Mitral valve disorders
  • Pulmonary valve disorders
  • Tricuspid valve disorders

Diseases of the Blood Vessels of the Heart It is also referred to as the vascualar diseases. The common diseases that effect the blood vessels f the heart are-:

  • Vasculitis
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Aneurysm
  • Varicose veins
  • Economy class syndrome
  • Diseases of the aorta
  • Diseases of the carotid arteries

Diseases related to infections and Inflammation of the Heart Some of the diseases are -:

  • Myocarditis
  • Pericarditis
  • Endocarditis
    • Rheumatic heart disease

Tests and procedures for Heart Diseases The following tests have to be done for finding out about severity of heart diseases-:

  • Blood tests
  • Echocardiogram
  • Cardiac stress test
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
  • Ambulatory Holter monitor
  • Electrophysiologic study
  • Myocardial Fractional Flow Reserve (FFRmyo)
  • IVUS (IntraVascular UltraSound)

Heart The heart in our human body is a muscular organ in all vertebrates responsible for pumping blood through the blood vessels by repeated, rhythmic contractions, or a similar structure in annelids, mollusks, and arthropods. The term cardiac means “related to the heart” and comes from the Greek word ‘kardia’, for “heart.”Heart of a vertebrate is composed of cardiac muscle, an involuntary muscle tissue which is found only within this organ. The average human heart, beating at 72 beats per minute, will beat approximately 2.5 billion times during a lifetime (about 66 years). It weighs on average 250 g to 300g in females and 300 g to 350 g in males. Cardiac surgery is the surgery on the heart and/or great vessels performed by a surgeon. Often, it is done to treat complications of ischemic heart disease (for example, coronary artery bypass grafting), correct congenital heart disease, or treat valvular heart disease created by various causes including endocarditis. These also include heart transplantation. Open heart surgery In this kind of surgery, the patient’s chest is opened and surgery is performed on the heart. The term “open” refers to the chest, not to the heart itself. The heart may or may not be opened depending on the particular type of surgery. Doctors realized the limitations of hypothermia – complex intracardiac repairs take more time and the patient needs blood flow to the body (and particularly the brain); the patient needs the function of the heart and lungs provided by an artificial method, hence the term cardiopulmonary bypass. Angioplasty This is the technique of mechanically widening a narrowed or obstructed blood vessel; typically as a result of atherosclerosis. In this procedure tightly folded balloons are passed into the narrowed locations and then inflated to a fixed size using water pressures some 75 to 500 times normal blood pressure (6 to 20 atmospheres). Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), commonly known as ‘coronary angioplasty’ is a therapeutic procedure to treat the stenotic (narrowed) coronary arteries of the heart found in coronary heart disease. These stenotic segments are due to the build up of cholesterol-laden plaques that form due to atherosclerosis. A few top Medical tourism providers are ThaiMediHealth.com, MalaysiaMediTravel.com and Indiaheals.com. With time more and more visitors will flock to this part of the globe for their treatment and relaxation needs.