Cardiac arrest is too sudden, unexpected and rapid. A person that is experiencing it can only last for less than ten minutes if not properly attended medical attention. It is for this reason that medical attention and procedures are needed to be immediately performed.
The term cardiac arrest pertains to arrest or seizure to the circulatory system under two (2) circumstances, which are (1) ventricular fibrillation; and (2) cardiac shutdown. In the cardiac shutdown or standstill, the heart is motionless and emits no electrical activity, which is seen in electrocardiogram. On the other hand, in ventricular fibrillation, the heart displays a writhing, twisting action, which is signified by the irregular and continuous wave motion in the electrocardiogram. In these conditions, the heart is not expelling blood resulting for the circulation to be completely arrested.
During incidence of cardiac arrest, basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR and initial defibrillation are essential and life-saving. Drug administration comes only next with secondary importance.
For the most part, the automated external defibrillator or AED is widely available in the government building in the United States of America. This was in pursuit to the Cardiac Arrest Survival Act of 2000, which promoted for the installation of automated external defibrillator in government buildings.
The automated external defibrillator is a portable electronic device that instantly diagnoses cardiac arrhythmias occurring due to ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia. The device is also capable in treating the said illnesses through defibrillation. Defibrillation is in-charge of delivering therapeutic amount of electrical energy to terminate the arrhythmia. Instead, this device helps the heart to have a normal sinus rhythm or heartbeat.
There are also other forms of defibrillators like transvenous or implanted, depending on its specific use. The automated external defibrillator was created and made available in the public so that even the bystander can use it in saving life of any person that is under cardiac arrest.
Aside from the automated external defibrillator, use of prophylaxis is also one of the most important ways in cardiac arrest treatment. Prophylaxis is, however, technically not applied to medically treat cardiac arrest. The term prophylaxis is used to refer to medical measures performed to prevent health problems from occurring. This is applied to somehow minimize the symptoms.