Manifestations of Syphilis in Children

Congenital syphilis occurs during childbirth of the infected mother, it is a sexually transmitted disease that happens in the birth or in the uterus. If the syphilis is left untreated, the level of its danger increases like the so called Mulberry molars in the fetus. It can also lead to stillbirths, premature births, miscarriages and even death of the newborn baby.

Most of the cases of the congenital syphilis usually manifest during birth but most of its symptoms increases after birth. Babies who have not been into any medical treatment can have a deformity, postpone the child growth a it can build up together with other dilemmas like swollen spleen and liver, rashes, jaundice, fever and anemia, sores on contaminated babies are infectious. In rare cases, the signs and symptoms of syphilis occurs unnoticed in most babies and later on they will all build up with the so called late stage syphilis which can cause danger to their eyes, teeth, bones and brain. The center for Disease Control and Prevention states that 40% of the births form a mother who is infected with syphilis is stillborn, approximately 40-70% who survived will have an infection and among these survivors 12% will probably die in the early stage of their lives.

This is a section of the cases on inborn syphilis, since newborns can manifest no symptoms and can only be recognized on constant prenatal screening during pregnancy. If these symptoms are not being recognized during pregnancy, the newborns will have insufficient feeding habits and rhinorrhea. Based on the description, premature congenital syphilis occurs in children before they reach 2 years old. And this can also rise up the level of the overdue inborn syphilis. The newborns with visible symptoms if not inborn will have a swollen spleen and liver, skeletal abnormalities, pneumonia, and bullous skin diseases called pemphigus syphiliticus.

Some of the symptoms of the congenital syphilis include Hutchinson’s triad which is a set of symptoms that is made up Hutchinson’s teeth (widely spaced peg-shaped upper central inciscors), interstitial keratitis or an irritation in the cornea which can result to corneal blemish and maybe blindness, and deafness. 8 Other symptoms are the mulberry molars will have a bad developed cusps; enlarged liver and spleen, under development of the maxillae, skin rashes, anemia, petechiae, jaundice, psuedoparalysis, and swelling of the lymph node. The rhinitis is chronic that can result to nose defect, linear scars at the perspective of the mouth and nose from the bacterial infection of skin wounds, and enlargement or swelling of the sterna clavicle in late inborn syphilis. Pulmonary hemorrhage can cause death to the newborn infected with congenital syphilis.

If the pregnant woman has syphilis, there are series of therapy that can event congenital syphilis from reaching and infecting the unborn child.

There are certain therapies that can be done to the pregnant woman who is infected with syphilis to prevent the transmission of the congenital disease to the fetus. Some of these therapies are successful if done during the 4th month of pregnancy. The fetus can always have the largest tendency to be infected with the disease especially if the mother is in her premature level of infection. The infection can be transmitted at any month of pregnancy even during the delivery period. A woman who is infected with syphilis can reduce the possibility of transmitting the congenital disease to her child by as much as 98% if she treats it before the last month of her pregnancy. If a newborn child is infected with congenital syphilis, antibiotics can be a cure like that of the adult who are also infected with syphilis but any developmental symptoms are expected to stay.

To prevent the transmission of disease to your newborn child, be sure to have a regular check up at STD clinics especially if you have an active sex life. In this way, you are guaranteed that your child will not suffer the probable complications brought about by congenital syphilis.