Malignant otitis externa is a condition involving inflammation and damage to the bone and cartilage of the base of skull. Otitis Externa malignancy is caused by the spread of infection from an infection of the external ear. Malignes (necrotizing) otitis externa is a life-threatening extension of otitis externa mastoid bone and temporal. It is generally caused by P. Aeruginosa or S. Aureus. Malignant external otitis is a rare complication of both acute swimmer’s chronic ear and swimmer’s ear. OE is a very common disease that occurs in all regions of the United States. The infection appears to be more prevalent in warm, humid conditions.
People with diabetes and weakened immune systems are especially vulnerable to malignant otitis externa. Otitis externa is often caused by hard-to-treat bacteria such as pseudomonas. The bones can be damaged or destroyed by the continued infection and inflammation. OE affects both sexes equally. Symptoms of malignant otitis externa include drainage from the ear – yellow, yellow-green, foul smelling, persistent, hearing loss ear pain – felt deep inside the ear and may get worse when moving head . itching of the ear or ear canal and fever. Worsening is also common in the vacationer who continues swimming.
The goal of treatment is to cure the infection. Treatment of necrotizing otitis externa include the correction of immunosuppression (when possible), the local treatment of ear canal, long-term systemic antibiotic therapy and, in some patients, surgery. Antibiotics effective against micro-organisms are given for prolonged periods. To prevent infection of the external ear, the ear hair carefully after exposure to moisture. Avoid swimming in polluted water and protect the ear canal with a cotton or lamb’ s during the implementation of wool or hair dye hair. Otitis externa is almost always predominantly bacterial or fungal predominant.
Malignant Otitis Externa Treatment and Prevention Tips
1. Avoid swimming in polluted water.
2. Dry the ear thoroughly after exposure to moisture.
3. By intravenous (IV), antibiotics are used for individuals with NOE.
4. Avoid swimming in polluted water and protect the ear canal with a cotton.
5. Topical acidifying agents and drying can be used in mild cases or resolve.
6. Do not wash their hair or swimming if very slight symptoms of acute otitis externa begin.
7. 1 or 2 drops of a mixture of 50% alcohol and 50% vinegar in each ear will help to dry the ear.