Health is an important issue in every society which is why hospitals, clinics and other facilities to ensure proper health and provide health care are established and built in almost every region. In Victoria, Australia alone, the government's Department of Human Services manages about 30 hospitals in the Metropolitan area of Melbourne, plus another 13 health services organizations.
The oldest among all hospitals In Melbourne is the Royal Melbourne Hospital (RMH). Aside from being among Australia's leading public hospitals, it is also a major teaching hospital for tertiary health care focusing on clinical research. It was originally named as Melbourne Hospital back in 1848 when it was established. In 1935, it gained its present name and relocated to Grattan Street, Parkville. The main site of the hospital located between Flemington Road and Royal Parade is focused on providing acute tertiary referral services while the one on Royal Park site provides treatments for aged care, rehabilitation, ambulatory care and residential and community services. The largest Emergency department is found at the RMH which has 2 dedicated Trauma bays, 7 resuscitation dedicated cubicles, 25 general cubical beds, and 17 short stay beds. For instances when a patient needs to be transferred immediately to RMH, the hospital has a helipad to accommodate airlifted patients. majority of the medical and surgical facilities are at RMH like the Victoria Infectious Diseases Service. It is acknowledged internationally for its clinical researches about oncology, neurosciences, infectious diseases, diabetes colorectal cancer and mental health.
It was in 1871 when The Alfred Hospital was established, the second oldest in Victoria and the second oldest in all of Australia which still operates on its original ground of foundation. Also called Alfred Hospital or simply The Alfred at Commercial and Punt Roads Prahran being one of the major hospitals in Melbourne offers specialized and highly technological services treatments of cancer, asthma, psychiatry, and allergies, in cardiology, and in neurosurgery. The Alfred has the largest intensive care unit in all of Australia. One important credential of The Alfred is that in 1957, it was the first hospital in Australia to have performed a cardiopulmonary bypass as treatment for a patient's complex cardiac lesions. These days, some of the specialty units housed in The Alfred include Adult Cystic Fibrosis Unit, Infectious Disease Unit, Lung Transplant Unit and the largest Hyperbaric unit in all parts of the Southern globe. In addition to the medical facilities, The Alfred also has a state of the Art helipad. The Alfred and RMH are the two major trauma centers in Victoria.
Australia's largest specialist women's hospital is located in the Parkville neighborhood and is called The Royal Women's Hospital. It was established on August 19, 1856 at Eastern Hill by two doctors Richard Tracy and John Maund. It is equipped to provide wide ranging medical services for women like maternity, gynecology, neonatal care and women's health. Other additional complementary services are offered in this hospital like community work and physiotherapy. It has Infertility and Endometriosis specialty clinics and is a major teaching hospital to the University of Melbourne and La Trobe University. After the hospital's relocation and renovation to Parkville, it is now equipped to handle about 6,000 births annually.