Groin pain causes can surface due to the pulling or strain of adductor muscle. Gracilis, pecticeus, adductor brevis, adductor longus and adductor magnus are the groin muscles. These are fan like muscles and are located in upper thigh. These muscles pull legs together when they contract. They are also responsible for the stabilization of hip joint. These muscles attach from pelvis to thigh bone. Groin discomfort appears in men and women of all ages. However, women encounter this problem most commonly during pregnancy.
Some of the major groin pain causes in men are:
* Kidney stone,
* Inflammation in small or large intestine,
* Enlarged lymph glands,
* Urinary tract infection,
* Testicular torsion,
* Superficial skin infection,
* Muscle strain,
* Testicular tumor, etc
Enlarged Lymph Glands
Lymph nodes, which appear all over the body, are highly important in your immune system. They recognize and fight infections, germs and other foreign substances. Common areas where lymph nodes appear are groin, armpit, neck, under the chin or jaw, behind ears, backside of head, etc. They become swollen due to inflammatory condition, infection, cancer, or abscess. Injections, such as gingivitis, colds, flu, ear infection, skin infections, tuberculosis, tonsillitis, sexually transmitted diseases, mouth sores, mononucleosis, etc, are the common causes of swollen lymph nodes and it finally leads to groin pain, cancer or tumor.
Epididymitis or inflammation in epididymis, a tube that connects testicle with vas deferens, occurs due to bacterial infection from urethra or bladder. The most common causes for Epididymitis are chlamydia and gonorrhea. It also occurs due to mycobacterium tuberculosis, E. coli, etc. Epididymitis is one of the major pain causes.
This is another major cause of groin pain.Chronic cough and constipation, enlarged prostate, undescended testicles, overexertion, smoking, poor nutrition, etc are the major causes of hernia.
Kidney stone is the solid mass of tiny crystals. Groin pain, testicle pain, abnormal urine color, vomiting, nausea, fever, chills, blood in urine, etc are the symptoms of kidney stone.
Lump in the groin is a localized swelling and it occurs due to allergic reaction, drug reaction, cancer, harmless cyst, injury in groin area, infections in legs, lipomas, sexually transmitted diseases, swollen lymph glands in groin area, etc.
Orchitis is the inflammation of one or both testicles. Bacteria and virus infections are the causes of this health problem and it triggers groin pain in men.
This is another major cause of groin pain and it occurs due to a direct blow on groin region. Athletes are more prone to groin injury. Hyper extension of groin muscles may cause sprain in groin and it ultimately leads to severe pain. Straining or tearing of near hip joints also cause groin pain.
Lots of hormonal changes occur during pregnancy. It increases slackness of pelvic joints. So groin pain during pregnancy is very common. Women may also experience pain in lower back, hip joints, upper thighs and genital area.
Injury or pain in the other parts of the body may radiate towards groin and they can cause pain in women. This is called radiating pain or referred pain.
Some common groin pain causes among women are ischemia, infection or inflammation in large intestine, spasms, specific pelvic problems such as pelvic inflammatory diseases, ectopic pregnancy, spine injuries, severe back pain, etc.
Groin pain can be diagnosed by conducting physical tests, radiological examinations, blood tests, erythrocyte sedimentation rate test, renal function and electrolyte tests, etc. Microscopic urine test, urinalysis, urine culture test, etc will also be beneficial for diagnosing this problem. Treatments for this health problem depend on the causes, symptoms and severity of pain.