What is Lyme Disease?
Lyme disease is a multistage bacterial infectious disease that attacks multiple systems in the human body. Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium known as Borrelia burgdorferi or “spirochete” which being spread by tick bites. Spirochetes are pleomorphic means that they can appear as two or more completely different organisms. This makes both diagnosis and treatment of lyme disease tricky because they are capable of shape-shifting and can fool both the body’s immune system and the antibiotics deployed to destroy them.
Other bacteria which can expose to the disease is Borrelia afzeli commonly found in Europe.The bacterium is spread through bites of infected tick. The blacklegged tick can be found on deer (deer tick, Ixodes scapularis) and susceptible for most cases of the disease in northeastern, mid-Atlantic, and north-central United States. To transmit the bacterium, the tick must be attach to human body part for at least 36-48 hours or more. The ticks commonly attach at the human body areas such as the groin, armpits, and scalp. Although Lyme disease is an infectious disease, the disease can’t be transmitted from person to person.
What are the symptoms of Lymes disease?
The symptoms of can be divided into three phases – early, mild and late phase.
Common symptoms of early stage is a distinctive circular skin rash, known as erythema chronicum migrans.The common size of erythema migrans rash is around 5 to 30 cm in diameter.
In the early stage, the lymes diseases shows other symptoms pertaining to flu-like symptoms and the symptoms include:
• tiredness (fatigue)
• muscle pain
• joint pain
• fever or chills
• neck stiffness
Lymes Disease Treatment
Antibiotics, is available in the disease treatment, which is also the primary treatment for Lyme disease. It is effective and almost all patients recover after antibiotic treatment. Nevertheless, curing may take weeks to months after finishing antibiotic treatment. Information about disease treatment is very important. Such details about prevention and cure may be found on the internet with deep explanations on physical therapies. Visiting your therapist will also help much because you get one on one advice on what should be done. Quick recovering will come as a result of adhering exactly to precautions and therapies.
How to Diagnose It Lymes Disease
The lymes disease diagnosis is accomplished based on the symptoms of lymes disease and a history of possible exposure to tick bites. Find out more about lyme disease symptoms. Laboratory blood tests are other helpful diagnosis tools in the patient who have the symptoms of lymes disease.