Diabetes and its complications can be life altering. It can become very strenuous and taxing to live with health problems caused by diabetes. Short term complications can happen quickly such as hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, ketoacidosis and hyper-osmolar syndrome.
Long term complications such as heart disease, kidney disease, neuropathy, diseases of the eyes, peripheral vascular disease and more can seriously compromise the diabetic patient.
Some of the complications arising due to diabetes are as follow:
Atherosclerosis: In simple words it translates to hardening of arteries, which can lead to coronary arterial disease, peripheral arterial disease, a stroke or a heart attack.
Diabetic retinopathy: It is eye disease without any early symptoms and can lead to kidney failure.
Diabetic nephropathy: It is a kidney disease again without any early symptoms and can lead to kidney failure.
Diabetic neuropathy: It is a nerve disease, which effects internal organs and causes loss of sensation especially in the feet.
Sexual dysfunction and yeast infections in the genital areas: which may lead to a loss in sexual intercourse.
Risk of tuberculosis: It is increased due to uncontrolled hyperglycemia and since tuberculosis is an airborne disease it is difficult to protect a diabetic from contracting it.
Adhesive capsultitis: Also known as “frozen shoulder” it is a condition in which the individual loses mobility in the shouldner joint over a period of time and it is a very painful condition to live with.
Depression and diabetes go hand in hand to make the individual’s life miserable.
Loss of limbs is another complication of diabetes.
Although the above mentioned complications arising due to diabetes are overwhelming, there is a lot that one can do to protect oneself through blood glucose control, exercise and diet.