Learn The Causes, Symptoms And Medications Regarding Epilepsy

Epilepsy is characterized by uncontrolled shaking of the body known as a fit or seizure and may result in fainting. Epilepsy constitutes a long-term disorder. Such disorders may remain undetected for an extended time and appear sometime later in life.

The causes of epilepsy are mysterious though many believed that it might be caused by a rupture of the brain cells, a stroke or brain cancer. The disease can be controlled by medications and therapies, but it is never completely cured. Statistics indicates that 65 million people across the world suffer from different degrees of this disease. Extensive research shows that some cases arise due to drug and alcohol abuse but that fact remains unconfirmed. Epileptic cases are found to a greater extent in the developing countries rather than the developed nations. About 80% of the total cases are found in the developing countries.

Luckily a vast majority of the cases of epilepsy can be managed by medications. If some cases are not controlled by medicines, the solution is surgery or neuro-stimulation, changes of diet too in some cases. Epilepsy need not last lifelong and many cases improve tremendously.

The causes of epilepsy

A variety of causes of epilepsy are claimed and some of them are:

– Head Injury

– Brain trauma

– Infectious diseases

– Prenatal injury

The symptoms of epilepsy

Different types of epileptic symptoms are observed in patients. Symptoms might also be associated with other diseases. It is always important to seek professional help for confirmation. Among many indicators that an epileptic could experience, some common symptoms are as follows:

Kinds of seizures

– Simple focal seizures with no loss of consciousness, but a temporary loss of smell, taste, and other senses

– Dyscognitive focal seizures with a loss of consciousness

– Absence seizures

– Tonic seizures

– Clonic seizures

– Myoclonic seizures

– Atonic seizures

– Tonic-clonic seizures

Diagnosis of epilepsy

Epilepsy can be diagnosed through the following technologies:

Medications commonly used to treat epilepsy

Depending upon the severity of the disease, several medications exist. One should consult a specialist because medications related to neurology can be dangerous. Medications should only be taken after consultation with a specialist. Some medications are:

– Phenytoin

– Carbamazepine

– Valproate

– Levetiracetam

– Ethosuximide

– Phenobarbital

– Lamotrigine

Surgical treatments for epilepsy

  • That confusion may be temporary
  • Staring spells
  • Uncontrolled jerking movements in the arms and legs
  • Unconsciousness
  • Loss of unawareness
  • Psychological symptoms

  • Electroencephalogram
  • Neuro-imaging
  • Video and EEG monitoring
  • Corpus callosotomy
  • Neuro-stimulation
  • Closed-loop responsive stimulation
  • Anterior thalamic stimulation