Kidney stones inside the urinary system especially those that are 4 mm in diameter poses danger to the patient. It is because the stones may be large enough that the urinary system can not naturally expel it through urine. They can block the urinary ducts and cause kidney malfunction. Another danger is blood infection when the stones have wounded the linings of the urinary tract. Kidney stones, renal calculi in medical terms, can be expelled through several means. There are several kidney stone treatment methods available.
If the renal calculi particles are relatively small, meaning it can still expelled through urine naturally, usually accompanied by pain, there are medicines that can be taken. These medications are usually doctor prescribed. They have chemicals that may either lubricate the urinary tubes to allow easier passage of the stones or they can dissolve the stones into smaller particles. Once the stones are smaller, they can easily pass without pain.
When the renal calculi are relatively larger, practically blocking the urinary ducts, the urinary organs may malfunction. These cases require immediate medical attention. An effective kidney stone treatment is operation. The side of the patient, at the kidney area, is cut to have access to the stone blocked region. If the stones are at the kidney, small slits are made to recover the particles. This process is effective; however, there are risks for complications especially for hypertensive patients.
A modern kidney stone treatment method called Lithotripsy is a way of pounding the renal calculi to smaller particles without the risky operation. In this process, shock waves are directed to the stones clogging the kidneys. Then the stones are powdered and can be more easily excreted.