Ischemic heart diseases, Ischaemic heart disease or Myocardial ischaemia, is a heart disease that is defined as reduced blood supply of the heart muscle. This is usually caused by coronary artery disease or the atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries.
The possibility of acquiring Ischemic heart diseases is heightened as you age. Smoking, diabetes, hypertension or high blood pressure, and hypercholesterolaemia or high cholesterol levels are also other factors. Those with a family history of ischemic heart disease are also more susceptible.
According to statistics, men are also more common victims of this disease.
Ischemic heart disease is the most common cause of death for men and women in many industrialized countries, including the United States. It does not depend on age although it is most common among older persons.
What are the Symptoms of Ischemic Heart Disease?
Chest pain or exertion and a lesser tolerance to exercise are two of the symptoms of stable ischemic heart disease.
Unstable Ischemic heart disease also has chest pain symptoms but it worsens much quicker.
In general, the symptoms are as follows:
• Acute chest pain such as unstable angina, acute coronary syndrome, or myocardial infarction which is the heart attack, a most severe chest pain that cannot be relieved by resting.
• Angina pectoris or chest pain due to exertion such as emotional situations or unstable weather. If the chest pains are predictable, meaning they occur during particular levels of exertion, then there are a variety of cardiac stress tests that can be implemented to detect the disease.
• Heart failure, which is characterized by the difficulty in breathing or the swelling of the extremities because of weak heart muscles.
Through a person’s medical history, it can be identified among a variety of causes when it comes to chest pain. It could be dyspepsia, pulmonary embolism, or musculoskeletal pain.
How do you become diagnosed with having Ischemic Heart Disease?
Basically you will need to have an X-ray of your chest and blood tests. To be accurate, you are diagnosed with the use of an electrocardiogram, cardiac stress testing, cardiac markers, or a coronary angiogram.
The medical and family histories of the person are recorded, as well as risk factors such as age, sex, hypertension, cholesterol levels, and blood sugar levels.
Treatment will depend on the type of risk as well as the symptoms experienced. Treatment methods could be through medication, coronary artery bypass surgery or CABG or angioplasty (percutaneous coronary intervention).
How do you prevent Ischemic heart diseases?
There are a variety of treatments that are available to those who have a high risk of coronary artery disease, which leads to Ischemic heart disease. One of these is to control the cholesterol levels to those who are diagnosed to have high cholesterol. Smoking needs to be stopped as well. Relaxation and distressing are important as well because high blood pressure needs to be controlled.
Proper diet and exercise are vital when it comes to preventing not only Ischemic heart diseases but many other diseases as well.