Insomnia or lack of sleep is a kind of sleep disorder characterized by disturbances in sleep and disturbed sleep patterns. Insomnia represents a particular symptom and is not a disease or diagnosis in itself. Lack of quality sleep due to this sleep disorder can result in fatigue, restlessness and feeling tired all day.
What it is
Insomnia is characterized by an inability to fall sleep or get quality sleep. Every individual has their own benchmark of quality sleep and the number of hours' sleep they should be getting. This is why insomnia as a sleep disorder does not have a particular number of hours' sleep because this statistic would vary from one person to another. Insomnia can negatively affect quality of life as well as daily life activities especially since the person has not had sufficient sleep. Sleep is essential to enable the body to repair itself, improve immunity and gain energy. Poor immunity can translate into being more prone to diseases and illnesses. However, in spite of these debilitating conditions, most people remain unaware that this sleep disorder can be treated with psychiatric and medical assistance. We have teams of dedicated physicians who enable patients with insomnia to confront their issues and recognize patterns that are disabling their sleep schedule.
Common symptoms associated with insomnia include difficulty with falling sleep, frequently waking up through the night, stress, various daytime symptoms, which stem from chronic insomnia. The daytime symptoms of this sleep disorder include inability to focus or concentrate, being uncoordinated or suffering from hampered motor coordination, unable to remember things properly, hampered social interaction or feeling irritable, accidents due to sleep deprivation and fatigue. Persons who consume alcohol and suffer from insomnia will aggravate this sleep disorder since alcohol tends to take away from the ability to sleep. Some people with this sleep disorder may turn to sleeping aid medication, without a prescription. However, this can be dangerous as not knowing the correct dosage can trigger negative results. Most people with insomnia will not experience daytime sleepiness and yet will experience great difficulty in falling sleep at night. Sleep apnea is a contributing factor to insomnia. Sleep apnea occurs when there is an obstruction in the breathing pattern due to which the victim has to gas for breath every now and then, resulting in loss of sleep as many as 100 times in a single night. Not having proper sleep preparation patterns can also contribute to lack of sleep.
In the case of chronic insomnia the victim can suffer from highly debilitating symptoms affecting daily life. In this case psychiatric and medical assistance becomes essential. Most sleep disorder patterns originate from psychological issues. Anxiety and stress can be the largest culprits causing insomnia. The treatment of insomnia can include pharmacological (involving medication) as well as non pharmacological treatments. The non pharmacological treatments such as brain music therapy are fast gaining popularity because of their ability to cure patients successfully. In this type of sleep disorder therapy, brain waves are converted to corresponding music sounds, which are played to the patient to admit them to relax and get sleep.