The initial symptoms in a person who has been infected with this condition include the hardening of the edge of the toenail, which gradually becomes tender and swollen.
The tenderness will increase and the area will turn red in colour due to bacterial infection. This stage is characterised by too much pain along with oozing of an unpleasant smelling pus and blood.
The flesh that is present near the infected toe bulges along the nail with a swelling that is moist. This starts growing over the toenail that has ingrown.
One of the main triggers of ingrown tail is genetic factor. The way a person stands and walk can result in the development of ingrown toenail. The genetic factor can trigger the curling of the edges of the toenails, which in turn triggers the development of ingrown nails.
The other factors that trigger ingrown nails in a person are:
1. using tight fitting socks
2. wearing shoes that are very tight or ill fitting
3. wearing tights
4. excessive sweating in the toes
5. the presence of a very bad foot hygiene
6. if the nails are not cut in the proper manner
The person who has an infected toenail must wash his foot regularly using warm water for about three or four times a day. The nail that has ingrown must be cut off form that part to prevent the further infection. The skin that is present over the ingrown nail must be pushed down by suing cotton bud.
The growth of the ingrown toenail is prevented by pushing small cotton wool piece which must be changed on a daily basis.
The presence of bacterial infection must be treated using antibiotics. One must also use over the counter drugs like paracetamol to get relief form the pain that a person is experiencing due to the infection and swelling of the toe. Still if the infection persists and the toenail does not recover, then one must visit the doctor. The doctor will then remove the toenail partially, allowing the toenail to grown again. This will be performed by giving local anesthesia. Clean dressings are provided till the nail recovers completely.
If a person suffers from recurring ingrown toenails, then he must opt for a permanent surgical removal of the nail being affected.