Tinnitus is a phenomenon of the nervous system that is characterized by the perception of a ringing or buzzing noise with no external source. Tinnitus and dementia are usually closely connected with each other. Dementia is characterized by a decrease in cognitive ability. The person may have a reduced ability to concentrate, recall information and assess the situation correctly. People with tinnitus often have neurological disorders and blood circulation problems. Due to the fact that tinnitus is a medical condition in which the nervous system is also involved, if left untreated it could lead to premature senility or dementia. If the patient that suffers from tinnitus also shows signs of early dementia like forgetting names and important dates and experiencing disorientation, then the problem should not be taken lightly. It must be treated immediately to prevent further deterioration of the mental condition of the patient.
Causes of the disease: As a general rule, anything that can lead to hearing loss can also result in tinnitus. The most common causes include:
- Exposure to noise. People who go to concerts or clubs frequently without protecting their ears, can suffer the greatest damage. Even in our daily lives, the noise level is often very high. Although we do not always perceive it, we are exposed to loud noise every day. In this way, our ears are actually approaching the limit of noise that they can withstand by nature. People who work for years in a noisy environment are particularly at risk.
- Ear infections. Scarlet fever, meningitis or even something as simple as otitis, can lead to permanent hearing loss and tinnitus if not treated with the appropriate medication.
- Some medications such as aspirin and certain antibiotics.
- An overactive thyroid or the presence of anemia.
- Diseases of the head (certain kinds of cancer) and serious head injuries.]
- Ossification of the small ear bones (otosclerosis).
- Presence of ear wax
- Meniere’s syndrome
- Problems with blood pressure
If the ringing occurs in only one ear it should be taken more seriously, as it could be caused by an acoustic neuroma, a rare tumor that grows near the auditory nerve that connects the ear to the brain.
How to get rid of tinnitus:
- Avoid aspirin, alcohol and smoking, because these substances can damage your hearing.
- Never sit directly in front of the speakers: doubling the distance from the sound source can reduce the level of the noise by about 6 dB.
- Take a break: after listening to loud music, take a break longer than the exposure to the sound.
- Wear earplugs or hearing protection, even when the sound does not feel uncomfortable. Hearing loss can occur even at lower frequencies that may be hardly felt, because it doesn’t cause any pain.
- Using alternative treatments, such as relaxation techniques, yoga, meditation, acupuncture and hypnosis can also be helpful.