One of the unfortunate side effects of having type 2 diabetes, is the possibility of also becoming afflicted with foot ulcers. It is a sickness, which is developed by 10 to 15 percent of diabetics, is caused when a foot wound becomes severely infected. Diabetics generally suffer from a slowed healing of wounds and arterial abnormalities, which puts them at an even greater risk to develop it. Aside from being extremely painful, foot ulcers can result in an infection so devastating, that the infected area would require amputation. Fortunately, foot ulcers do not have to become a reality for all diabetics. These ulcers can be prevented when certain preventive measures are carefully taken.
Foot Ulcer Prevention
The first step to preventing the formation is practicing satisfactory hygiene. It is important to keep the feet clean and check them regularly for sores or lacerations. Clean all wounds carefully, paying extra attention to apply infection-preventing ointments and change the dressings frequently. At the first sign of infection, consult a doctor who may administer treatment, to prevent the infection from worsening and resulting in an ulcer.
The second step to prevention is choosing the correct diabetic supplies, like footwear. The best choices for footwear are either custom-made shoes, or shoes are comfortable, supportive, and fit perfectly. Generally, athletic style shoes are recommended for the support that they offer. The idea of choosing such a shoe is that no lesions will be created from a poor fit or excessive rubbing. Other diabetic supplies, like special diabetic socks may also be purchased to ensure both comfort and added protection of the foot. While it may be impossible to prevent the feet from ever sustaining a wound, if these steps are taken, foot ulcers can be completely prevented.
How To Properly Care For A Foot Ulcer
If it is already too late for preventive measures and a foot ulcer has appeared, it is imperative to properly care for the infection. In most cases, a foot ulcer will not be able to be properly cared for at home. While visiting a doctor may be inconvenient, it is important that an ulcer is not allowed to worsen to the point where amputation is necessary.
Upon visiting a doctor, an oral antibiotic will usually be administrated. This is to prevent staph and other infections, and to heal the infection inside the body. In addition, a doctor can properly dress the wound and apply topical medications to fight the infection. In severe cases, surgery may be required to remove severely damaged and infected tissue and to prevent the infection from spreading. When taken care of properly, foot ulcers can be made to heal completely, and preventive measures should be carefully taken to avoid additional foot ulcers in the future.