Your liver helps your body digest food, store energy and remove poisons. Hepatitis is a swelling of the liver that makes it stop working well. It can lead to scarring, called cirrhosis or to cancer.
Hepatitis is a deadly infection which affects the liver causing it to become inflamed due to certain viruses. While there are five types of hepatitis the three major ones are A, B, and C. Basically, all them are contagious, some of them like the B-type can be spread by touching an infected person.
Hepatitis is caused primarily due to alcohol. Due to this, the liver gets scarred severely; a condition known as cirrhosis which results in hepatitis disease in most cases. Even if a healthy person gets within close range of someone who is infected, these lethal viruses can spread to the other person. Viruses of hepatitis can also be spread by sharing food or utensils with an infected person; furthermore, it can be spread by having unprotected sex with an infected person. Another way hepatitis is spread is through blood and blood products, and sharing needles and razors. Additionally, some hepatitis viruses can be passed through the stool or urine; so being near a sewage area while eating or drinking can put a person at risk of contracting the virus.
Hepatitis A can be spread through contaminated food or water, unprotected sex, sharing needles, and even body contact can spread the virus from one person to another. It can also be spread through blood and blood products. However, there is a vaccine for hepatitis A.
Hepatitis B can also be spread through sharing needles, blood or blood products, sexual contact with an infected person. There is a vaccine for hepatitis B, when getting vaccinated be sure to get all three shots. Hepatitis B cannot be spread through casual contact.
Hepatitis C is most commonly spread through injection drug use. But it can also be spread through blood and blood products, from mother to child through birth, tattooing, body piercing, organ transplant, and sexual contact. Presently, there is no vaccine for hepatitis C, making it a very serious and incurable disease that damages the liver causing cirrhosis which is scarring of the liver. Additionally, if you had a blood transfusion or organ transplant before 1992 it may not have been tested for hepatitis C. if you received a blood transfusion or organ transplant before 1992 you may want to be tested for hepatitis C.