Every year, millions of people world-wide get sick with the flu and cold. A person may suffer from a common cold and flu several times in a year. They are more likely to strike when a person’s immune system is low.
Colds and flu are caused by viruses which are infectious agents that rely on a living host for survival. There are more than 200 viruses that are responsible for cause of common cold and flu. Its intensity, however, depends upon the state of health of the person and environmental factors.
Symptoms of a cold and Flu include sore throat, blocked or runny nose, cough, watery eyes, fatigue headache. These symptoms will typically last anywhere from 3 to 10 days. But if your symptoms have lasted longer than that and start to change, you may be suffering from a secondary infection. These common complications of the cold and flu can leave you feeling pretty miserable.
Here are some home remedies that may help you feel better along the way.
1. Honey: Excellent for sore throats and coughs. You can take it plain, one teaspoonful at a time or mix it with some hot water and lemon.
2. Eat Chicken soup. Chicken soup may be frequently taken because it has been found that the intake of chicken soup helps in stimulation of the immune system of an individual and hence, the concerned person will have concrete disease resistance. chicken soup may be taken in hot condition and perhaps, the steam arising from the hot soup will help in relieving the congestion found in nasal passages and thereby leading to immediate relief from the cold condition.
3. Get extra rest. Even taking adequate rest helps in relieving the cold because resting activities help to minimize the chances of additional infections from multiple sources. It will also help you avoid spreading the virus to others.
4. Drink lots of fluids like water, fruit juices and clear soups. Fluids help loosen mucus.eight glasses of water, clear juice, tea, and other mostly clear liquids are advised. Staying hydrated helps moisturize the lining of the nose and throat, which makes mucus easier to clear. But be sure to avoid caffeinated or alcoholic drinks, as they can cause dehydration. Avoid alcohol, coffee and caffeinated sodas, which make dehydration worse
5. Drink hot hiquids. Hot liquids relieve nasal congestion, help prevent dehydration, and can soothe the uncomfortably inflamed membranes that line your nose and throat.
6. Gargle . Gargling can moisten a sore throat and bring temporary relief. Take 1/2 teaspoon salt dissolved in an 8-ounce glass of warm water. Thus, prepare the saturated solution and use it as a home remedy for cold and flu. Then by using an ink-filler like application, place two or three drops of the filtered salt solution into each nose and do this for two to three times in a day.
7. Use a salve under your nose. A small dab of mentholated salve under your nose can open breathing passages and help soothe the irritated skin at the base of the nose. Menthol, eucalyptus and camphor all have mild numbing ingredients that may help relieve the pain of a nose rubbed raw.
8. Take hot water in a bowl and put some Vicks vaporub. Place your nose over the vapors and inhale, covering yourself with a towel. This remedy is good for your blocked nose.
9. Take a Steamy Shower. Steamy showers moisturize your nasal passages and relax you. If you’re dizzy from the flu, run a steamy shower while you sit on a chair nearby and take a sponge bath.
10. Take vitamin C. It’s up there with chicken soup as far as legendary cold remedies go, and there might be some truth to vitamin C being helpful as well. Some evidence shows that it can reduce the duration and severity of a common cold. . Taking vitamin C every day seems to reduce the length of a cold once you get it; however, taking big doses of vitamin C after you already have a cold gets mixed results.
11. Sleep with an extra pillow under your head. This will help with the drainage of nasal passages. If the angle is too awkward, try placing the pillows between the mattress and the box springs to create a more gradual slope.
12. Apply hot or cold Packs around your congested sinuses. Either temperature may help you feel more comfortable. You can buy reusable hot or cold packs at a drugstore. Or make your own. Take a damp washcloth and heat it for 55 seconds in a microwave (test the temperature first to make sure it’s right for you.) Or take a small bag of frozen peas to use as a cold pack.
13. Keep washing your hands! Those nasty germs won’t be able to find their way into your bod if you keep washing them away.
14. Zinc: is another wonder thing for cold that can cut colds short. While early studies showed that zinc could help fight off a cold more quickly, the latest consensus seems to be that zinc has a minimal benefit at best.
15 It’s important to blow your nose regularly when you have a cold rather than sniffling mucus back into your head. But when you blow hard, pressure can carry germ-carrying phlegm back into your ear passages, causing earache. The best way to blow your nose: Press a finger over one nostril while you blow gently to clear the other. Wash your hands after blowing your nose.