Both in finger nails and in the toenails the infections due to fungus are common. Nail fungus is caused by a group of fungus called dermatophytes. Fungal infection is also known by the name of onychomycosis. Usually fungus grow on the surface of the toe nail and feed on the keratin which is the surface of the toenail due to this reason this fungus infections are very harmful. Mainly the fungus infection infects the two fingers of the toe. They are big toe finger and the small toe finger. Due to toenail fungus there is a discoloration and the disfiguration of the nails. It may be due to hereditary also. It is a contagious disease so avoid coming in contact with the infected person.
Some of the important symptoms of the toe nail fungus are the changes in the color of the affected nails. The color of the affected nail changes to yellow or brown. Some times the thickness of the nail increases and it becomes very difficult and painful to wear shoes. There is an accumulation of foul smelling debris under the nail.
Some of the important causes of the toenail fungus are infection from the damp areas like public gyms, shower stalls or swimming pools. The infection in the toe nail can spread from one toe to another and even to other parts of the body also. It is also caused due to tight fitting shoes and tight hosiery. Other reasons which contribute to its cause may be the abnormal Ph level of the skin. It may also be caused due to not drying off the feet after exercise or bathing and also due top the decreased immunity.
Some of the important home remedies for treating toe nail infection.
1. Listerine mouth wash is also very effective for treating toe nail fungus. Keep your toes in Listerine mouthwash. Your nails will healthier due to its powerful antiseptic leaves.
2. In order to fight fungus tea tree oil is very effective as it is a potent natural antiseptic and fungicide. You must apply undiluted tea tree oil to the infected toe nail or you can also put some drops of tea tree oil on the infected toe and rub it thoroughly.
3. Some precautions and protections are very necessary to reduce the symptom of affected toe. You must put on cotton socks, if your socks are damp then immediately take it off and dry your toe then put on the fresh socks.