Hip fractures are quite common in people who are over 65 years of age, although it can happen at any stage of life. The biggest risk factor for hip fracture is the old age. Loss of bone density is the main reason for fractures. The bones become weak and fragile and, therefore, are prone to fracture.
There are 3 types of hip fracture, namely femoral head, femoral neck and intertrochanteric fracture.
Elderly people are more prone to getting a hip fracture because essential minerals in the bones are gradually lost, making the bones weak and more susceptible to breaks and cracks. Women are at higher risk compared to men due to menopause. Menopause is associated with considerable drop in the level of estrogen hormone. This further causes osteoporosis which decreases the bone density. Other reasons of hip bone fracture are lack of Vitamin D and calcium in the body. Certain metabolic disorders such as osteomalacia and Paget’s disease are also responsible to some extent.
A fracture of the hip is usually signaled when person loses the ability to bear body weight. Severe pain, inability to move, and swelling around the hip or groin region are some other indications of hip fracture. In some cases, hip fracture does not cause any pain and, therefore, remains undetected.
A fracture of the hip can be diagnosed with help of X-ray, CT scan or an MRI scan. Treatment for this requires a holistic approach which includes surgery, medication and then rehabilitation to facilitate quick recovery. The medication prescribed after the surgery is meant for strengthening weak bones.
One can prevent occurrence of such fractures by exercising regularly and eating a healthy and nutritious diet. Walking is considered to be one of the best exercises. Along with exercise correct diet is necessary. Diet should include sufficient amounts of calcium and Vitamin D.