The human thyroid gland stimulates the necessary hormones that control the metabolism of our cells. The thyroid gland controls how our body uses energy by removing iodine from the blood (The result of consumption of foods such as bread, salt and seafood) and uses it to produce thyroid hormones. Sometimes you can have overactive tissue within the thyroid gland and this can result in overproduction of thyroid hormones and consequently you develop an excess of circulating free thyroid hormones called hyperthyroidism.
The excessive production of free thyroid hormones overstimulates metabolism. The result is that it exacerbates the effect of the nervous system, causing acceleration of various body systems. One of the early symptoms is the feeling like an overdose of epinephrine (adrenalin). Other symptoms include excessive sweating, fast heart beat,Increased bowel movements, nervousness and agitation. In severe cases a patient can experience gradual weight loss and fatigue. Irregular and scanty menstrual flow can occur in women.
Early symptoms of high thyroid levels, especially in the elderly women, may not be conspicuous. Advanced symptoms are easy to detect. However, in all cases, a blood test is needed to confirm the diagnosis. A visible symptom is an enlarged thyroid gland. Some patient can also have smooth velvety skin and fine hair. It is advisable to see your doctor for proper diagnosis and possible treatment.
High thyroid levels is not a common disease, only an insignificant percentage of the population suffer from this disease, however, it can cause death if not treated early enough. The major treatment and general modalities employed by doctors involve initial use of suppressive thyrostatics medication, and possibly later use of permanent surgical or radioisotope therapy. The major classes of drugs used to treat these symptoms include the beta-blockers, in this class are (propranolol, metoprolo and atenolol (Tenormin).
These medications are made to counteract the effect of thyroid hormone and increase metabolism, however, they do not alter the levels of thyroid hormones in the blood. Some drugs can have harmful side effect, that’s why it is good to see a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment. Your doctor may decide that the best treatment for you is surgery. Surgery is to partially remove the thyroid gland (partial thyroidectomy) with the goal to remove the thyroid tissue that was producing the excessive thyroid hormone.