Hernia illness is very common, with everyone from infants to the elderly being affected. We have seen this kind of problem such as bulging of the abdominal wall but we are not aware on what are the different types of hernias. There are actually many types, characterized by which part of the abdomen is infected. Here are the different types of hernias, where they occur and what causes such.
Inguinal – or otherwise called as groin hernia is common to develop in adults and second to infants or children. This will develop in Myopectineal orifice or lower region of the abdomen or groin. As a result a bulge will be visible and pain will be felt in this part because the intestines stick out in the opening. This type of hernia may be inborn but pain and bulge will worsen when growing up. They can be acquainted from too much pressure of the abdomen and certain strain or injury that one undergoes.
Umbilical and paraumbilical – appears in the umbilicus, in the belly button and naval part. This type may be inborn and can also appear through adulthood. The vessels of a fetus or the infant's umbilical cord exited in the muscle of abdominal wall. Even though the umbilical cord slowly disappears when growing up, the condition inside the body may continue to worsen. One obvious symptom is the pain in the naval part, in which surgery is unfortunately required.
Incisional or otherwise called ventral – may occur in the area which undergoes surgical incision. These can start from small to complex situations.
Femoral – can also be found around the groin area but is said to appear in a ratio of 5 is to 1 of women to men. To avoid getting worse and complications, it is highly advised to be treated right away.
Epigastric – occurs in the middle upper abdomen from the lower part of breastbone down to the umbilicus. This is very small so more prone to pinch and can create extreme pain. The cure for this hernia type is tension free method.
Spigelian or the semilunar – appears on the outer part of the rectus or "six-pack" muscles. They are common to women and around the age of 50 years old.