A hernia is an abnormal out pouching of a weak spot in the organ in which it protrudes. It usually occurs as where there is a lack of muscle tissue. The abdomen is the most common place for a hernia to appear, though hernias can occur anywhere in the body.
Hernias do not just go away. They cause pain and decrease activity. There are certain parts of the body where a hernia could be more dangerous. For instance, when part of the intestine is blocked because of the hernia. It is really serious if the intestine forms a loop and becomes twisted and breaks through the pressure point of the muscular cell wall. This is called a strangulated hernia. In this case the hernia would lose all blood supply and die. In this case surgery is immanent.
There are a number of different places on the body that a hernia can occur. Hernias have some genetic indications; they tend to run in the family. Gradually as the hernia grows the integrity of the wall of the organ decreases. Hernia symptoms can be caused by straining to have a bowel movement, coughing or heavy lifting.
Most hernias start out with small little bumps that you do not notice. These lumps are not bothersome unless they become larger. Larger ones will produce more hernia symptoms, protrude and may be painful.
Early hernia symptoms may be reducible through manipulating the tissue outside of the body. This means you can push them back in. If the hernia is not reducible, surgery may be necessary.
For small hernias that are not strangulated and not incarcerated, trusses can be used for temporary relief. Surgery is more invasive but it is the best treatment to get rid of the hernia. This includes an incision and removal of the hernia. Recovering from this type or surgery is fairly quickly. The patient needs to avoid sneezing, coughing or straining to have a bowel movement.
Abdominal hernias may begin at birth an others occur later in life. Hernia symptoms can be caused from obesity foreign objects, sneezing, coughing from chronic lung disease or bearing down to have a bowel movement. Hernia symptoms often have a genetic predisposition. For men, if your father had one chances are you will have one in your lifetime too.
Hernias can be very painful. Pain might be the first symptom you notice or you may just notice a lump that is not supposed to be there. It is very important to get surgical repair early if it is necessary so it will not destroy the tissue it has adhered itself to.
The best way to avoid hernia symptoms is to prevent them the best prevention is eating right with foods full of fiber. Drinking a lot of water is important for any diet but very important to prevent a hernia because it may prevent straining to have a bowel movement. Getting plenty of exercise will help prevent hernia symptoms as well.