Hernia Repair Surgery In India
Q. What is it ?
A hernia is a weakness in the muscles of the front of the body wall. Usually, the bowel or some fat, and more rarely other organs, can push through this weak spot and create a bulge in the area. In this case the hernia is in the groin. Sometimes they are in both groins. They can be caused by the body wall being weak from birth.
Sometimes the body wall weakens with the passing of time. Other times, the body is overstrained by coughing, heavy work, multiple pregnancies or sport. Hernias are very common and are easily treated. If left untreated, they get bigger and cause pain…
An incisional hernia causes a bulge in the abdominal area. Often, this type of hernia is painless, but may be tender and can cause discomfort during any type of physical strain, such as lifting heavy objects, coughing, or straining during bowel movements. The bulge may disappear when lying down, and be more visible when standing up…
Causes : –
- Family history of hernias
- Cystic fibrosis
- Undescended testicles
- Extra weight
- Chronic cough
- Chronic constipation, straining to have bowel movements
- Enlarged prostate, straining to urinate…
Symptoms : –
- Groin discomfort or groin pain aggravated by bending or lifting
- A tender groin lump or scrotum lump
- A nontender bulge or lump in children…
Most hernias can be pushed back into the abdominal cavity. However, if it cannot be pushed back through the abdominal wall, this can lead to a strangulated loop of intestine. If left untreated, this portion of the intestine dies because of loss of blood supply.
Almost all hernias require surgery, preferably before complications occur, to reposition the herniated loop of intestine and secure the weakened muscles in the abdomen.
While the patient is deep asleep and pain-free (general anesthesia), an incision is made in the abdomen…
Treatment of Hernia
Open Surgery : –
The type of anesthesia utilized during open hernia repair surgery depends on the patient’s and the physician’s preference, as well as the health of the patient. Choice of anesthesia includes general, which renders the patient unconscious and prevents memory of the surgery; epidural or spinal, which numbs a large area of the body; and local, which numbs the immediate area around the hernia. Local and spinal anesthetics are often used with sedation, which induces drowsiness…
Laparoscopic Surgery : –
Laparoscopic surgery can be used for hernia repair. Instead of one long incision, four or five tiny incisions are made in the area around the hernia. A device called a laparoscope, which is a miniature scope attached to a video camera, is inserted into one of the incisions. The surgeon is able to see the hernia and the surrounding tissue and organs on a video screen…
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