The general consensus of most panic attack experts is that there may be as many as four different and distinct causes of panic attacks. The following is a general discussion of the four most discussed causes:
1.) Cognitive reasons-some people, for any one of a variety of reasons, are inclined to be unenthusiastic about life and their future. They also hold pessimistic views of the world and are looking for the next calamity or tragedy to unfold. As these feelings grow and abound, these people tend to become more fearful, anxious and nervous. Then they became very suspicious to panic attacks. Also included in this group are people who have developed phobias or fears of specific situations or places like heights, crowded places or public speaking. Their defective thought processes lead them to fear such circumstances or situations.
2.) Family and community background-people who grow up or live in environments where there is physical or emotional abuse, mistreatment, negligence or abandonment are more prone to suffer from anxiety and panic issues. When a person is subject to such abuses they tend to develop problems with self image and confidence.
3.) Genetic issues-there is somewhat debatable evidence that having a close family relative who suffers from panic attacks means other members of the same family are pre-disposed to having attacks as well. There needs to be additional research before such a conclusion can be reached without reservation. However, studies with twins do provide some evidence of a correlation. Overall, women appear to be about twice as likely as men to suffer from anxiety problems, so there may be some genetic reasons for this phenomenon.
4.) Physiological evidence-some research looks to indicate that panic attacks may be the result of physical deficiencies of the amygdala, a part of the brain. This organ is believed to control the fear response and people with a problem with their amygdale may have difficulty controlling their fear reactions.
At the end of the day, not even the experts can be absolutely certain about the origin of panic attacks. They do have evidence one to two percent, or three to six million, of the people in the United States suffer from them. Most people who suffer from anxiety will begin to show symptoms between the ages of 18 to 24. So, if you suffer from anxiety issues you are quite obviously not alone.
The good news is there are various approaches to helping to resolve problems with anxiety and panic concerns. Medical experts have developed and continue to improve on these approaches which include medication, behavior modification, relaxation techniques, diet and exercise.