Hepatitis B (HBV) is a viral disease that can cause inflammation of the liver, cirrhosis and cancer in worst case.
Hepatitis B is also considered as one of the sexually transmitted disease (STD) because it can spread by sexual contact.
Since Hepatitis B virus can cause serious damage to the liver. It is very important that you must know how liver work first and what would happen if the liver stop working.
Liver is a major organ inside the human body that performs over 500 essential tasks such as bile and urea production, metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, fats and filtered bacteria from the blood etc. Any person can die in less than 24 hours if the liver stop working. Drugs and alcohol should be avoid because it can cause directly damage the liver.
From the static shown an estimate of about 1 miilion American peoples are infected with Hepatitis B and around 700,000 are in serious condition yearly.
For those peoples who often travel to different countries have a higher risk of infection which depend mainly on the destination country and individual immune status.
Hepatitis B can be accurately diagnosed by blood test.
For those peoples who never develop any signs or illness symptoms at all but still have the Hepatitis B virus inside their body is called HBV carriers.
Hepatitis B Transmission
HBV can be transmitted by contamination of blood, semen, body fluids and sexual activities. Newly born child have a chance of infected with the virus if the mother already infected with HBV.
Hepatitis B is not much contagious when compare with hepatitis A which can spreads to other peoples much more easily.
Hepatitis B Symptoms
Common symptoms of Hepatitis B are fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, joint pains and yellowish discoloration of the eye and skin (jaundice).
In worst case doctor have to perform liver transplant in order to save the patient life from liver failure.
A person who have strong immune can fully recover from hepatitis B eventhough the illness can last for month but after fully recovery individual will develop immune which can prevent themself from future infection of hepatitis B.
For peoples with weak immune can develop chronic infection with HBV for the rest of their life.
Hepatitis B Treatment
Normally viral diseases are not treated with specific medications such as antibiotics.
There are special medications developed for chronic HBV patients.
Hepatitis B prevention
HBV can be prevent by getting vaccinated before being infected with HBV. It is commonly recommended that every child must be injected with this vaccine to prevent the risk of being infect with HBV in the future.
Avoid unsafe sexual activities as possible including using the same objects with infected person.