What is Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is a serious liver disease. Hepatitis B is the most common liver infection in the world. In all over world about 350 million people are suffering from HBV, of whom, more than 250,000 die from liver-related disease each year. The liver can become inflamed as a result of infection. Hepatitis B is caused by infection with the hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis stops right working of your liver and it also makes your liver swollen. Mostly people do not know that they are suffering from Hepatitis B because it does not have any special kind of symptoms. The common symptoms of Hepatitis B are vomiting, jaundice, dehydration, headache, dark yellow colored urine, yellowish eyes and skin, abdominal pain etc.
Causes of Hepatitis B:
Virus is the main cause of Hepatitis B
The virus is the main cause of Hepatitis B. virus can get transferred from one person to another. The hepatitis B virus is transmitted from one person to another via blood so this virus is also called blood-borne virus.
How HVB virus gets transmitted in to the human body?
- Living with the people who are suffering from Hepatitis B
- Having sex with an infected person without using a condom
- If you share the drug needles with any infected person
- Men or women who have multiple sex partners, especially if they do not use a condom
- By use of infected person’s toothbrush, razor, or anything else that could have blood on it.
- If tattooing or body piercing tools are not being clean.
- A person who go from dialysis and involve in kidney disease.
- New born child get it for his infected mother.
Methods to Prevent Yourself for Hepatitis B:
Hepatitis B can be prevented either before or right after exposure to the virus. To prevent yourself from Hepatitis B, keep in mind those following point:
- Use condom if your partner is infected by HBV
- Avoid the contact with blood and other body fluids with the infected persons
- Do not reuse used needles.
- Do cover all open cuts and sores.
- Pregnant women’s should screen her for HBV infection.
- To prevent disease before exposure, hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for all infants, all 11-12 years-old
- The infected person must not share razors, toothbrushes, needles, or any other object that may have become polluted with blood.