Hepatits B or HBV affects over 350 million all over the world and is commonly misdiagnosed as
UNPROTECTED SEX – having penetrative sex without any protection like condoms is the most common transmission for the HBV. The change of body fluid allows the virus to travel across from the infectious person to the other.
USED NEEDLES – sad as it may, it is common that in clinics, acupuncture shops, body piercing, and tattoo shops, sharing of needles or reusing of needles is happening and this can be another way of transmitting HBV. If the needle was used by an infected person with HBV, the virus can easily enter your system from the infection.
BIRTH – If the mother is infected with HBV, there is a high risk of transmitting to to the baby during birth, this is called the congenital HBV, and this can be prevented by immunization of the baby.
Far from the common concept of transmitting the virus from the infected to another through coughing, sneezing, close physical contact, and contact with the faeces; this is not true, HBV can only be transmitted sexually or by the exchange of body fluids.
HBV can manifest asymptomatically but still is infectious. In some cases of individuals who manifest symptoms, they can experience fever, nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, weight loss, itchy skin, and jaundice.
In diagnosed patients with active HBV, symptoms are not severe and no treatment will be required. In a few months time with continuous monitoring, the immune system of the infected individual is expected to gain natural immunity to fight off the virus. From the time of diagnosis, alcohol is advised to be avoided since this can aggravate the condition of the patient.
Medication and treatment is given to infected persons experiencing chronic symptoms. The antiviral treatment that is taken in a pill or injected can only help in preventing the spread of the liver damage. Drug of choice given are Interferon Alpha, Baraclude, and Lamivudine; given in six months with close monitoring.
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