There are numbers of drugs available in market and are frequently used by different healthcare organizations. It is not mandatory that every drug is hazardous in nature. There are certain criteria that distinguishes between hazardous and non-hazardous characters of drugs . Although these criteria are not well standardized but are implemented in every healthcare units.
Pharmaceutical professionals have introduced a list that includes the factors to measure the toxicity of drugs . Hazardous drugs are those that possess certain characteristics like teratogenicity, carcinogenicity and genotoxicity. Genotoxicity means any alteration in genetic material of living beings. Cancer inducing agents are called carcinogens and any noxious agent having the capability to cause disorders on fetal development are called teratogens.
Hazardous drugs also possess the ability to cause respiratory and reproductive disorders, chromosomal aberrations, infertility, leukemia and even cancer. Drugs having organotoxicity character that can lead to minor health effects like eye and skin irritation, eye sight problems, respiratory disorders, infections and allergies also comes under this list.
Chemotherapy, a treatment for cancer uses hazardous drugs . These drugs can save number of lives when used as medicines and can cause harmful effects when exposed. Various drug preparation methods also include antiviral and immunosuppressive agents that have numerous side effects when used for treatment of patients. All these harmful chemicals impose short term as well as long term health effects on mankind.
While handling these perilous drugs , proper care should be taken. Any negligence can cause vital disorders to professionals engaged in various drug related activities. Immediate preventives should be taken if accidentally exposed to these drugs . Safety measures and guidelines must be properly implemented to minimize the risks of exposures and save the mankind from these disastrous drugs .