Cancer in Your Pet?
For you, it may be unthinkable, but reality says that your pet, just like any other, can be a victim of canine cancer. Animals can get different forms of cancer, just like humans. These various forms of dog cancer range in their effects and gravity. They also differ based on the type of response that is expected from you, as a dog owner. Some forms of canine cancer are still curable, and thus, you would need to take your dog on a race to overcome the dreaded disease. There are, however, cancer forms that are beyond cure.
The First Step is Diagnosis
Before actions can be undertaken towards the recovery and well-being of the affected animal, first, the type, level, and location of the cancer in the dog need to be determined. These are determined during diagnosis. Since there are several types and several possible locations, there are also several ways to diagnose a cancer. Diagnosis involves a biopsy of the malignant tumor, and a test to determine the metastatic sites, which refers to the areas that are also affected by the cancer. Diagnosis can also be done through ultrasound and radiographic studies. Your dog’s entire medical state can also affect the type of treatment that will be appropriate for its case.
Different Cancer Forms in Dogs
There are several possible cancers in dogs. These are hemangiosarcomas, histiocytoma, osteosarcoma, and the most common forms, lymphona, mammary cancers, mast cell tumors, and testicular tumors. Lymphona is a form of canine cancer that occurs in a dog’s lymph nodes. This form of cancer has high chances of resulting to death, especially in older dogs. Also, lymphona cannot be easily treated, but can be maintained and controlled so that your dog’s life is consdierably lengthened. Mammary tumors are also very common. These are caused by tumors in female dogs, and are common among unspayed dogs. Mast cell tumors, on the other hand, are skin tumors. This form of cancer in dogs can be easily treated by the removal of the malignant tumors. However, some mast cell tumors can severely affect a dog, and can also cause death.
Canine Cancer Treatments
Canine cancer treatments can also come in several forms. A dog with cancer may need to undergo surgery to remove the malignant cells. Some dogs may just be required to undergo chemotherapy, a medication-based treatment. Chemotherapy is mostly recommended for dogs whose cancer condition has spread to other parts of the body. The effects of chemotherapy may vary based on the specific form of cancer that affects the dog. Some cancer forms can be cured by chemotherapy, while some may not respond to the treatment at all. Other forms of therapy to treat canine cancer are also available, such as radiation therapy. There can also be a combination of various therapies and medications. And just as treatment alternatives vary, so do the side effects. Some dogs may suffer from negative side effects, while some may even reap benefits from their treatment, aside from the curing of the canine cancer. Finally, to treat cancer in dogs, an early diagnosis can make a big difference. It is recommended that dogs should be taken to regular vet visits to ensure its proper health and nutrition, and to detect irregularities.