Have you ever hurt your ankle? Do you currently have an ankle sprain?
1.) Ankle Sprains
Usually, if someone hurts their ankle it is probably an ankle sprain. A sprain happens when someone stretches and tears the small ligaments at the ankle joint. Ligaments are fibrous bands of tissue that connect bone to bone. Although this kind of an injury can happen when you are playing sports, you are just as likely to sprain a ligament stepping on uneven ground, off a curb, or tearing an ankle ligament in some other activity of daily living.
Usually a sprain happens when a person rolls their foot inward. This movement can be referred to as inversion. Many people indicate that they hear a “pop” or “snap” when an injury like this happens. Following an injury type like this, a person can have a hard time walking, and the person will most likely have pain and swelling issues. X-rays are important in diagnosis so the doctor will be able to rule out the possibility of a fracture.
2.) Grades of Ankle Sprains
A.) Grade I
Most mild sprain type
Nominal swelling, some pain, and joint stiffness might be present
Minor tear of the ligament that is sprained, without having any laxity of the ligament
Usually affects the anterior talofibular ligament
Usually a person can return to activity with the use of a brace
B.) Grade II
Moderate to severe pain, edema (swelling) and joint stiffness
Partial (more severe than grade I) tear of the ligament
Moderate loss of ankle function with more difficulty to walk or even raise toes
It can take up to 3 months before full strength and stability is retained
C.) Grade III
Severe pain may be self evident
Stiffness of the joint and profuse swelling may occur
A complete rupture of the ligament (usually of the lateral complex) has occurred, causing severe laxity
Usually total immobilization of the ankle is required to heal
Small percentage of individuals require surgery, conservative treatment is commonplace
Recovery time may be more lengthy; up to 4 months
3.) Braces For Support
Whether you have a mild or severe ankle sprain, you should seriously consider getting an ankle brace. There are many different styles and types, but the point is that you can help reduce pain, increase stability and promote healing due to the support that they can provide.
*This is health information. Remember to speak with your physician regarding your particular situation.