There are 3 Types of Diabetes; Gestational Diabetes, Type 1 Diabetes, and Type 2 Diabetes. Gestational Diabetes occurs only during pregnancy and usually goes away after delivery. If untreated it can be fatal for the infant or fetus.
Gestational Diabetes is caused by hormones produced by the placenta that can cause a resistance to the effects of insulin.As the placenta grows so does the level of this hormone. Usually the pancreas will produce more insulin but in some cases it can’t keep up thus resulting in gestational Diabetes.
There is a greater risk for gestational diabetes if the woman has a personal or family history of diabetes or has previously had gestational diabetes. Also if the woman is older than twenty five, and if she has excess body fat or suffers from obesity. It usually develops within the second trimester or twenty weeks into the pregnancy.
Signs and symptoms in most cases are unnoticeable but in some cases increased urine production and excessive thirst and fatigue develop. The complications that can occur for the baby if the disease is left untreated can be lethal. These complications include the baby growing too large because of the extra glucose causing the baby to produce too much insulin resulting in a c-section birth or the baby getting stuck in the birth canal possibly sustaining injuries. Other complications for the baby are Respiratory distress syndrome, jaundice, low blood sugar and the later development of Type 2 Diabetes, and maybe even death. Complications that affect the mother include preeclampsia and eventual development of other forms of diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes can be prevented and treated with regular exercise and a balanced diet of fruit and vegetables and vitamins the body needs. focus on foods with low calories and fat and no wheat gluten.Sometimes medication is needed to aid in the treatment of Gestational Diabetes. Diabetic supplements can help in the prevention of this disease.
Try spending at least thirty minutes a day on physical activities such as aerobics, running, walking, jogging, swimming, hiking, bicycling, lifting weights, or doing pilates. Regular exercise plays a vital role in preventing and treating gestational diabetes as well as many other diseases. Paired with proper nutrition it can boost your immune system and help fight off disease and infection both related and non related to diabetes. Also ask your doctor about Diabetic supplements and vitamins.
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