Gastritis means inflamation of the stomach. Gastritis can be caused by drinking extra alcohol, prolonged utilizes of no steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin or ibuprofen, or infection with bacteria such as Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). Sometimes gastritis develops after major surgery, traumatic injury, burns, or severe infections. Certain diseases, such as pernicious anemia and chronic bile reflux, can reason gastritis as well. Autoimmune atrophic gastritis develops when your immune system attacks healthy cells in your stomach lining.
This causes an inflammatory response that slowly thins the lining, demolishes acid-producing glands and interferes with the production of basic factor, an essence that assists your body absorb vitamin B-12. Gastritis may be related with other medical conditions, including HIV/AIDS, parasitic infections, several connective tissue disorders, and liver or kidney failure. The most significant risk factor for gastritis is infection with H. pylori bacteria. In the United States, one in five people younger than 40 and half of people older than 60 are infected. The numbers are much greater in developing nations.
In the United States, blacks, Indians and Hispanics are more apt to have gastritis related with H. pylori infection than are people of other races. Autoimmune gastritis, on the other hand, is more common among blacks and people of Northern European descent. Adults age 60 and older are at augmented risk of gastritis because the stomach lining tends to skinny with age. The most common symptoms are abdominal upset or pain. Other symptoms are belching, abdominal bloating, nausea, and vomiting or a feeling of fullness or of burning in the upper abdomen.
Blood in your vomit or black stools may be symptoms of bleeding in the stomach, which may show a grave problem, require direct medical attention. The treatment of gastritis will depend on its cause. Treatment for gastritis generally involves taking antacids and other drugs to decrease stomach acid, which causes further irritation to inflamed areas. Drugs that diminish acid production include histamine-2 (H2) blockers and proton pump inhibitors. H2 blockers are usually more helpful than antacids in relieving symptoms. Avoidance of certain foods, beverages, or medicines may also be recommended.