Gastric ulcers which are also known as stomach ulcers are raw eroded areas on the walls of the stomach. These ulcers can stretch up to 1/8 to 3/4 of an inch. Ulcers are not contagious however it can convert malignant if not taken care of at an early stage.
The causes of ulcer is excessive secretion of acid in the stomach. Excess of hydrochloric acid that is produced to digest the food can give rise to such ulcers.
The main cause of ulcers is unhealthy eating habits. Consumption of unhealthy fatty food leads to excess secretion of hydrochloric acid which in turn leads to ulcers. Skipping meals can also give rise to gastric ulcers. Some people lead a very stressed out life and are heavily dependent on alcohol and medicine which can be an aggravating factor for gastric ulcers.
People suffering from gastric ulcers suffer from pain in the stomach, indigestion, weight loss, hunger cramps and irritation.
Treatment of this disease mainly includes intake of medicines that will significantly reduce the amount of acid secretion in the stomach. In some cases doctors recommend surgery where they suspect malignant tendencies. Some doctors opt for the treatment that eradicates H. pylori which is the causative agent of ulcers in some cases.
Negligence towards an ulcer over a prolonged period of time can lead to serious complications like perforation of the stomach wall, and hemorrhage.
Preventive measure include following a healthy diet and leading a health life style. A fit and healthy body has a very strong immune system which can act as a natural shield against any such disease.