The basic principle concerning Homeopathy remedies is “Like Cures Like”, which means all the medicines in small doses cures the diseases or symptoms, which they produce when taken in large doses. For example, ARSENIC produces diarrhoea, vomiting, extreme prostration, burning, unquenchable thirst, anguish. If these very symptoms occur in the patient without taking ARSENIC, they shall be cured by giving him ARSENIC, but in very minute doses.
The second Principle of Homeopathy remedies is “Minimise the dose to increase its curing power”. Dr. Hahnemann mixed the medicine with non medicinal substances such as alcohol, distilled water or sugar of milk. By a special procedure, not only the dose was minimised but it was also dynamized, ie as the molecules of the medicine were divided and subdivided, their curative power was increased.
This can be easily explained in accordance with the atomic theory. Hence the minimised doses, though termed dilutions in the early stages, were named as Potencies later on. The potencies are of two types: X Potency and C.
X potency is prepared by mixing well one part of the original medicine with 9 parts of Vehicle, i.e alcohol or distilled water or sugar of milk in cases of solid drugs. Similarly, C Potencies are prepared by mixing one part of original medicine with 99 parts of vehicle.
“Homeopathy doesn’t treat the disease, but the patient, instead”
This pertains to the idea that any certain disease will manifest so many symptoms that you can’t prescribe just one medicine for it. For example, if our lungs are affected we call it Pneumonia, if there is chill or fever we call it Malaria. If there is pain in the heart we call it Angina, and so on.
But it should be clear that even in one disease, for example, in Pneumonia you’ll discover that a few patients become restless and have high fever and get thirsty, but other patients have neither. Some will not be able to lie down on their left sides, while at the same time other folks will feel uncomfortable when lying on the right side.
These different symptoms are what Homeopathy remedies depend on. Therefore to select the right homeopathy remedy, we have to note the location of the disease, the sensation of the patient, the aggravation of the troubles.
In Homeopathy, diseases are Acute or Chronic. Acute diseases or conditions are short or sharp, and the whole body is not necessarily affected. In chronic conditions the body’s vital force gets disturbed to their depths and the disease keeps recurring.
Their treatment should be left entirely to the doctor. Every chronic disease often begins as an acute one. Acute diseases are of short duration, i.e., they begin and end within days or weeks, such as cholera, malaria, fever, cold, catarrh, measles, etc. Chronic diseases are those whose duration extends to months and years, such as asthma, cancer, T.B., piles, etc.
“Build a symptom picture to cure the disease”
Homeopathy remedies are not prescribed for a disease or a single symptom but we take into account all the symptoms of the patient. We compare them with the symptoms or characteristics of the medicines and then prescribe one single medicine for the totality of the symptoms. Symptoms are Physical or mental.
Physical symptoms include temperature, pulse, variations in behaviour, excretions from the body like stool, urine, sweat, vomit, phlegm, etc. The mental symptoms include patient’s appetites, cravings, feelings of anxiety, apathy, anger, etc., his dreams and also his aversions.
Therefore, in Homeopathy every patient is treated individually according to the symptoms of his ailment, and if carefully selected remedies are administered in the initial stages, many chronic and serious diseases can be avoided. The Homeopathy remedy thus selected acts upon the vital force and gives it the right guidance. It is this vital force that eradicates the symptoms and restores the patient to normal health.