It is four times more likely that men develop kidney stones than women, simply more vulnerable to kidney stones than women. What follows is a list of possible causes and treatments of these small and hardened crystals called kidney stones.
A kidney stone is a hard mass that start forming in the kidney or the urinary tract out of substances in the urine. The size of kidney stones (calculi) may be very small or as large as golf balls. While most kidney stones pass normally out of the body with urine, sometimes the patient will need help of a doctor. These stones originate as microscopic particles and eventually develop into stones with the pass of time. The medical term for this condition of having kidney stones is nephrolithiasis, or renal stone disease.
Generally all adults over 30 are at risk of this condition, but men tend to be more affected when they are over their 40s.
The most common type of stone contains calcium in combination with either oxalate or phosphate. These chemicals are part of the normal diet of a person.
There are many causes of for this condition such as some urinary tract infections. Also Lifestyle and personal health such as drinking less fluids or inactivity over long periods can contribute to this painful problem. Basically kidney stones are formed when there are too many chemicals than could easily be dissolved in the available urine. Among the most common causes for this condition are: high level of urinary calcium (hypercalciuria), insufficient urinary citrate, inadequate water flowing through the kidneys, high urinary oxalate (hyperoxaluria), or high urinary uric acid (hyperuricosuria).
Basically, the kidneys must maintain an adequate amount of water in the urine to be able to dissolve all the removed waste products from the blood. If your body suffers dehydration, then eventually high levels of substances that do not dissolve completely form crystals that slowly build up into kidney stones.
The pain of this condition is for the following reason: As you might know, the main function of kidneys is to remove extra water and wastes from the blood, this way helping to keep a stable balance of minerals in the blood, now while most of the kidney stones are passed out of the body in the urine stream. Now those stones which are sufficiently larger in size may pass out of the kidney but become lodged in the urethra and cause excruciating pain that begins in the lower back and radiates to the groin.
To prevent kidney stones you have to drink lots of water, because water helps to flush away the substances that may form crystals in the kidneys. Based on the size and type of the stone, there are varied kidney stones treatment options: While small stones can be passed off with adequate hydration and exercises, the stones that do not pass off naturally, may have to be treated by Urology Specialists.