Fibroids ( also known as uterine fibromyoma, Leiomyoma and myoma) are growths or benign tumours that form inside the uterus.The actual cause of fibroids is not quite known yet, even though it does affect 4 out 10 women over the age of 40.Fibroids are associated with infertility, miscarriage and premature labour lengthy and painful periods.
Abdominal swelling – if your belly is bulging out, but it feels hard when you touch it, this is a common symptom of fibroids. Many women with fibroids look pregnant when they are not, and find that the swelling gets worse over time.
Heavy menstruation – if you find that you’re constantly having to change your super plus tampons, or night time sanitary towels are not enough during your period, this is also a sign that fibroids are causing abnormal bleeding. Some bleeding can be so bad that blood transfusions are needed.
Abnormal bleeding – in addition to heavy bleeding, you may find that you’re spotting in between periods, or your periods are lasting 6 or more days. Some women also pass lots of heavy black clots in their menstrual blood.
Vaginal bleeding after menopause – women who have gone through menopause may experience bleeding after several years of not having periods.
Back pain, or pain in the back of the legs – women with fibroids sometimes experience pain in seemingly unrelated places. This is because the nerves that link the uterus to the brain are located near the nerves for the back and legs.
Cramps – fibroids can cause strong spasms, as the uterus recognizes them as foreign body that it needs to expel. It can feel to some women like they are going into labour, and the pain can be so bad that painkillers will not take it away.
Pelvic pain – this can come in the form of a constant dull ache, to sharp pains, depending on the type of fibroid. Some fibroids can compress other organs, and cause them to feel under pressure as well.
Urinary problems – women with large fibroids may experience frequent urination, as the fibroid presses on the bladder, or difficulty urinating, if the fibroid is blocking any part of the urinary system.
Constipation – fibroids pressing on the colon can prevent regular bowel movements, cause painful digestion, and are easily mistaken for irritable bowel syndrome. If you’re in a relationship, fibroids can also cause painful intercourse, depending on where the fibroid is located.
Infertility and miscarriage – fibroids can get in the way of conception, and having a healthy pregnancy. They can block fallopian tubes, prevent implantation from taking place, or in pregnant women, interfere with fetal development, or cause the uterus to spasm and miscarriage.
Before deciding on fibroids treatment, it is essential to consider the following:-
* The size of the fibroids
* The location of the fibroids
* If you are near to the menopause
* Whether you would like to have more/any children
* If the fibroids cause you any problems