Fibroid also known as leiomyoma or myoma, is a non cancerous growth made up of smooth muscles and fibrous tissues within or attached to the wall of the uterus (womb). In recent times, Fibroid has assumed a very popular status due to the problems of infertility so often, but in most cases erroneously, attributed to it.
Fibroid hard affects women less than 20 years and post menopausal women. Fibroid is prevalent in 30-40% of women over 30 years and occurs 2-3 times in black women than in white women. Fibroid may be present in 15-20% of women in their reproductive years.
Fibroid is the commonest tumor encountered in the female. Fibroids growth is slow but becomes obvious in the forth decade of life. The size of Fibroid can vary from as small as a peanut to as large as the size of a football.
Fibroid is more common in women who have never been pregnant or those who have had only one child, because the popular saying "Bad Girls Get Pregnant, Good Girls Get Fibroid" Pregnancy and oral contraption lower the risk of developing new fibroid and fibroids stop growing after menopause.
Fibroids often develop within the walls of the uterus and can be found at any part of the uterus. As it increases in size, about 70% remain within the wall, and 10% grow into the uterine cavity. The remaining 20% grow outwards. It is called Punctuated Fibroid when it hangs from a stalk and become like a pendulum on the outside of the uterus
Although the cause of fibroid is obscure, its growth seems to depend on the hormone estrogen which is a female reproductive hormone. As a result, Fibroid continues to grow as long as the woman menstruates. Note that the growth is slow. It is very possible for only one Fibroid to develop on the uterus; they are usually more than one at the same time. In fact, they are usually multiple.