There are different reasons why a woman may become infertile, and cervical related problems is one of them. Cervical related problems are also considered cervical incompetence. There are a number of cervical related problems that could arise. Here are some of them.
One of these problems could be caused by the occurrence of a double uterus. This occurs when the uterus has two inner cavities, and each of the cavities could lead to its own cervix and vagina. In other words, the woman could, then, have two cervixes and two vaginas. Although this is a possibility, it is a very rare occurrence but it could lead to fertility issues.
Intrauterine adhesions such as Asherman’s Syndrome also affect the cervix. This is an acquired uterine disease which is characterised by scar tissue in the uterus. The front and the back walls of the uterus tend to stick together. In a case where the patient has Asherman’s Syndrome they may have intermittent or absent periods. Also some women may experience the pain associated with periods, but have no periods. The pain may indicate that menstruation is occurring but because the cervix is blocked the blood cannot exit the uterus. The cervix could be blocked by the adhesions. The symptoms of this disease could also include pregnancy loss and placenta accreta.
Chlamydia or gonorrhoea are infections of the cervix that is known to cause subfertility by ascending through the cervix. It affects the uterus and fallopian tubes in pelvic inflammatory disease.
Abnormal cervical mucus is another cervical related problem that is associated with infertility. For successful impregnation to transpire normal cervical secretions is essential. Cervical mucus tends to change in consistency during the menstrual cycle. It has a watery consistency during ovulation to allow the sperm to easily enter the uterus. It is rare to experience abnormal cervical mucus but there are cases where it can be too thick so the sperm won’t be able to swim through it during ovulation. Other possibilities may be that the cervical glands don’t produce enough mucus. Or in some cases, where surgery or infection has occurred, this could damage the glands that produce cervical secretions. This could cause cervical mucus abnormalities.
If you have noticed that there are any abnormal occurrences in your cervical mucus if you are trying to become pregnant, it is advisable to visit a fertility clinic to run certain tests and give you a more accurate diagnosis. There may be a variety of cervical problems but there could also be a way to resolve it or work around it in order to become pregnant.