FAQs about artificial disk replacement surgery

Lower back pain is the pain that occurs in the lower back region i.e., below the ribcage. It is one of the most common issues among urban population of India. According to researches, 80 percent people experience lower back pain at some point in their lives.

ARTIFICIAL DISC REPLACEMENT SURGERY

Artificial disc replacement surgery, also known as total disc replacement surgery, is a surgical procedure performed to provide relief from lower back pain. It is performed by replacing the painful, damaged disc of the lumber spine with an artificial disc (metal or plastic prosthesis).

ARTIFICIAL DISC REPLACEMENT SURGERY FOR DEGENERATIVE DISC DISEASE

Artificial disc replacement surgery is also used to treat patient with degenerative disc disease. It is a disease occurs when the spinal discs – that act as shock absorbers for the spine allowing it to twist, bend and flex –loses its water content. It generally occurs due to wear and tear, poor posture and inappropriate movements. The disease may cause severe back or leg pain.

A newer surgical option for the treatment of painful lumbar discs in the US is artificial disc replacement. The first disc implant was approved for use in the general patient population in October 2004, and a second technology was approved in August 2006. With two technologies now available, artificial disc replacement is arguably becoming more popular and discussed more frequently as a treatment option.

Prior to total disc replacement surgery, spinal fusion was the only treatment for degenerative disc disease. However, it failed to provide permanent relief from the painful disease. ADR was developed by keeping the drawbacks of spinal fusion in mind to provide complete relief from the disease with minimal complications and lower cost.

However, disc replacement surgery is not recommended for patients with neurological compression, spinal fracture and multiple level degenerative disc disease. Spinal fusion is still the best treatment option for these conditions.

BENEFITS OF ARTIFICIAL DISC REPLACEMENT SURGERY

Few benefits that a patient can get from total disc replacement surgery are:

  • Quick recovery
  • Shorter stay at hospital
  • Lower risk of muscle trauma, unlike spinal fusion
  • Less stress on the vertebrae, unlike other treatment options
  • Promotes stability and movement

RISKS OF ARTIFICIAL DISC REPLACEMENT SURGERY

Although disc replacement surgery is a safe procedure, it also carries certain risks like any other surgery. Few potential risks and complications associated with total disc replacement surgery are:

  • Stroke
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Spinal fluid leakage
  • Broken or loosened artificial disc
  • Nerve injury
  • Infection
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Speech impairment
  • Reaction to anaesthesia

Now when you have finally decided for surgery, the only remaining question is: where to go? There are many health care organizations where you can do surgery. One of these organizations is Manipal Hospitals.