After any injury, surgery or illness, you will go through a process called rehabilitation. This process is where your body gets time to rest, exercise, deal and move on with what has happened. During this process, many of the skills that were lost due to sickness or injury will be relearnt and regained. This helps you to get back to normalcy and actively participate in the society. Rehabilitation is the process of taking a patient from the sick, addicted or injured condition to the recovered state.
1) The rehabilitation procedure follows different patterns, which differs in different centres.
2) Physical therapy: improving mobility, fitness and strength.
3) Speech-language therapy: ameliorate understanding, speaking, writing and reading.
4) Occupational therapy: help with daily routines.
5) Pain treatment.
Every treatment has a different aim and is individualised according to the patient. There are different rehabs for various cases like, drug addiction, ACL, cardiac, pulmonary, etc. rehabilitations.
Physiatry is a physical rehab that is related to management, diagnosis and evaluation of the physical problems and disabilities. The procedures include diagnosis and treatment of every limiting condition. The therapists are specialised in the management and diagnosis of various impairments, especially the neurological disorders. They focus on the development of psychological, occupational, vocational, physical, and social function in patients.
Rehabs focus on counselling too. Through counselling, they try to assist people overcome their addictions or disabilities and live an independent life. Usually, rehab counsellors are placed anywhere like rehabilitation facilities, universities, government agencies, hospitals and private practice. These guides focus on community functions.
Physiotherapy requires interactions between patients, health care professionals, therapists, caregivers, etc. These therapists mostly work along with occupational therapists to help the patient get well and move on. They diagnose and treat people of all age groups who have medical issues. They usually use the previous diagnosis to come to a conclusion of the problem. They give prescriptions, manual therapy, exercises, etc. When necessary, they use imaging studies to examine the problem and provide assistance. Most of the patients who require physiotherapy are those who had an injury and don’t want to lose their mobility. Through this therapy, they acquire fitness and health.
Drug and alcohol addicts undergo detox in a rehab to remove the toxins from their body. This is one of the first steps during rehabilitation. This step involves medications and also counselling therapy. During this process, the drug or alcohol is kept from the patient. It can be a bit hard on the addict, but it helps them overcome their addiction in a better way. Counselling is done to help them know why they started using the drug, and the psychological dependency is dealt with. This helps them make peace with their past so that they can live the present and make a better future.
This is linked with social psychiatry. Its services include the following: medication management, supported employment, coping skills, socialising, etc. It illustrated by cross-field best practices, community models, multiple disabilities, consumer voices, management and evaluation of services, rehabilitation outcomes, etc.