Migraine Ocular, otherwise known as Ophthalmic (Eye) migraine , is a common yet maybe painless type of migraine known to man. Generally, a person may experience visual problems such as scotoma or a small blind spot, which may or may not be accompanied with a headache pain, and can be diagnosed as having an ocular migraine episode.
Other visual symptoms of migraine ocular are related to the scotoma. Some may have scintillations or flickering lights around the scotoma while others may have metamorphopsia or a zigzag line inside the blind spot. While some individuals would feel the throbbing pain on one side of their head during or at the onset of ocular migraine , others may not. However, even if the person with migraine ocular does not experience headaches, that person is not exempted from the typical reason behind migraine attacks. The inflammation in the nerves and blood vessels that surround the brain changes the blood flow which contributes to the visual symptoms of migraine ocular.
Ocular migraine attack may last some few minutes to as long as 30 minutes. Even though the visual images that a person sees during migraine attack can be quite alarming, there is no permanent damage to the eye. However, frequency of visual symptoms as well as severity must be consulted to health professionals and specialists for proper check up, diagnosis and medications as necessary. It is possible that the person may have other conditions that may require treatments not associated with migraines . It is suggested that the person should seek medical help as soon as migraine ocular symptoms are experienced.
Since visual acuity is compromised during migraine ocular, the potential hazard increases. This may even reach dangerous levels such as when the person is driving or just crossing a busy intersection. Whenever episodes of ocular migraine pose threat to safety, it is always best to stop whatever task it is on hand and let the migraine take its course. Take medications only when necessary and as much as possible, do not self-medicate.
The cause of migraine ocular is still unknown, despite medical and technological advancement. However, studies and researches have shown that people can manage their migraines . This begins by determining what are their specific trigger marks and how can they be avoided.
As with most of the other types of migraines , ocular migraine is triggered by stress, fatigue, bad vices such as alcohol and cigarettes, some foods, caffeine and other contributors. When a person knows his (or her) definite trigger marks, it will equip him (or her) to deal better with migraines . To know which factors affect migraines , it is handy to keep a logbook, or any other form of journal, and record migraine ocular episodes as they come and what happened prior to the attack.
One way to minimize recurrence of migraine ocular is to do eye exercises, especially for those who perform close-up work for long periods of time such as working in front of a computer or from watching televisions. Roll the eyes, look up and down, and then from side to side to stretch eye muscles. It will also help to shift the vision to something green or other cooler shades or hue at regular intervals to relax the eyes.