Healthy goats are asset to any owner, with its income potential. Like other animals, goats are also susceptible to various diseases. Therefore, it is important to give proper care to goats to keep them away from diseases that affect its health.
Bloat, border disease, cache valley virus, caprine arthritic encephalitis, caseous lymphadenitis, Chlamydia, cuccidiosis, copper toxicity, dystocia, coli scours, enterotoxemia type c, enterotoxemia type d, entropion, epididymitis, floppy kid syndrome, fly strike, foot rot, foot scald, john's disease, joint ill, keds, lactic acidosis, lice listeriosis, liver flukes, lung worms, mastitis, meningeal worm, milk fever, nasal bots, ovine progressive pneumonia, pink eye, pizzle rot, pneumonia, polio, pregnancy toxaemia , rectal prolapse, ringwomb, ringworm, salmonella, scapie, sore mouth, spider syndrome, stomach worms, tapeworms, tetanus, toxoplasmosis, urinary calculi, uterine prolapse, vaginal prolapse vibriosis, white muscle disease etc are some of the infections and diseases that affects goats.
You can find out whether the goats are well or not by keeping vigilance over their routines. By observing faeces one can find some illness, signs might be like scouring, clumping together of manure, hard droppings etc. You can find out swellings by observing the legs as well as feet of the goat. If the goat is limping, walking abnormal, staggering, then it might be having tetanus.
Visual checking will be enough find the goats' inexplicable weight loss. Keep an eye on goats for abnormal discharges like that of mucus, blood, pus etc from eyes, vulva, mouth, ears or from other parts of the body. Look for those goats having certain problems regarding keeping up speed relative to the herd or keeping themselves away from the herds.
Look for goats that are not having food at regular feeding time or having body postures as abnormal. Check for swelling signs underneath goats chin, as it might be the indication of internal parasites or goitre in the throat. The rough as well as dull coats of the goats indicate presence of some deficiencies or diseases. Keep in mind the fact that goats do not separate themselves from the herd unless it is having illness or playing.
Without worming for long goats might come across low productiveness, reduction in milk production, poor growth, anaemia, greater susceptibility towards diseases etc. Goat wormers are there for de-worming process. Both chemical as well as herbal goat wormers are available there in the market. While giving wormers, it is important that you provide adequate water to the goat.
In goats, the digestive fermentation process in rumen produces a by-product of gas, continuously expelled as belches. When those gases trap inside the rumen, bloat occurs. It is an extremely dangerous condition, indeed life-threatening one. Symptoms seen in bloated goat are mainly the pain shown by the goat, depression, grinding the teeth, striking out using legs etc. The advanced state makes bloated goat to get down with respiratory failure and other complication.
In the case of bloat, there will be bulging of left flank of the goat. Remove the feed given to the goat, as sometimes feed might be the cause. Its better not to give water to the bloated goat that ingested grain in large quantities. Give water after twelve hours. Take the assistance of veterinarians to cure the condition of the goat.