Epilepsy is a neurological condition of the human body caused by a disruption in the normal functioning of neurons. There are many different types of epilepsy. One of the most common symptoms of epilepsy is seizure. A patient usually experiences strange sensations and emotions before the seizure. This is to be considered as a warning of an epilepsy attack and is called an aura. However, occurrence of a seizure does not necessarily mean that a person has epilepsy. When a person has had two or more seizures, doctors view it as a case of epilepsy.
Apart from the common symptom of seizures, each type of epilepsy has its own set of symptoms. A patient suffering from grand mal seizure may stare blankly and will experience sever convulsions, jerking of arms and legs, loss of consciousness and loss of bowels or bladder control.
The symptoms of absence seizure include staring, brief body jerks, mainly involving arms and brief loss of attention and activity. Patients are described as being "zoned out." The symptoms of a simple partial seizure include jerking of one part of the body like a hand or foot. The patient begins to panic for no reason and keeps blinking the eyes. In some cases of this kind, the patients' face twitches, and they sense a change in the way things taste, smell or look.
Patients suffering from a complex partial seizure mumble and suffer from memory loss. They stare at things and sense a change in the smell, taste and look of things. These patients also make repeated movements like rubbing hands smacking lips or picking at clothing. The symptoms of secondarily generalized seizures include sever jerking of limbs, falling down, loss of consciousness and stiffening of the body
Most patients of epilepsy may also have headaches, dizziness, false spells, and confusion and memory loss. They experience changes in mood or energy levels. Some patients froth at the mouth when they are overcome by severe spasms or convulsions. It is important for the family to know the symptoms of the type of epilepsy that the patient is suffering from. This makes it possible to get medical attention in the beginning stages of the seizure and prevent any major complication.