Epilepsy Research

 Epilepsy  is a neurological condition that affects the nervous system. It is also known as a seizure disorder, because a person suffering from  epilepsy  has seizures. It is diagnosed when a person has two or more seizures that were not caused by some known medical condition such as alcohol withdrawal or extremely low blood sugar. There has been extensive research done on the causes and symptoms of  epilepsy  in order to formulate treatment methods.

In  epilepsy  patients, the normal working pattern of the neuron is disturbed. This makes the patients behave in a strange way. Sometimes, patients suffer from convulsions, muscle spasms and loss of consciousness, and the frequency of epileptic attacks may vary from one patient to another.

It is estimated that over two million people in the U.S have been diagnosed with  epilepsy . In the majority of patients,  epilepsy  can be controlled with modern medicines and surgical techniques. However, about twenty percent of the patients experience seizures even after treatment. These cases are called “Intractable  epilepsy .”

Seizures are sometimes known to cause brain damage. Research indicates that in these cases, a patient has suffered severe seizures. However, most seizures do not cause harm to the brain, and any changes that arise are usually mild.

Conclusive medical research indicates that  epilepsy  is not contagious. It is not caused by mental illness or retardation. Most people suffering from  epilepsy  have a normal or above average intelligence. A majority of patients are able to lead normal lives.  Epilepsy  cannot be completely cured. However, there have been cases where it eventually goes away through protracted treatment.

The likelihood of becoming free from seizure is not very high for adults or for children with severe  epilepsy  syndromes. However, it is possible that seizures may decrease or even stop over time. This is more likely if the  epilepsy  has been controlled by medication, or if the patient has had  epilepsy  surgery. Researchers in the US and the rest of the developed world continue to study  epilepsy  in an attempt to develop a permanent cure.