Dog Breeding – History

Studies reveal humans enjoyed taking dogs as pets even in prehistoric times. For thousands of years man has enjoyed a good relationship with certain types of dog. Dogs which proved useful were fed and taken care of. Over time dogs became domesticated until they reached the point where they were able to serve a variety of purposes. There are now different groups of dogs including hunting dogs, sight hounds, and guardian or livestock dogs. To maintain certain characteristics people deliberately mated different breeds.

Years ago purebred dogs were purely for the rich and famous. Today purebred dogs are more affordable because of the huge amount of competition in the dog breeding industry. Some breeders concentrate on purebreds, while others prefer to focus their attention on mixed breed or cross breed dogs. Different forms of breeding exist, and these include out-crossing, inbreeding and line breeding.

The dogs should be registered at kennel clubs. Stud owners should also be registered to enable you to receive the necessary documents. The American Kennel Club, or AKC as it is known, is quite popular in the US and it maintains a large database of dogs, including information about their lineage, achievements, and working qualities. These dogs are also associated with the kennel clubs in the US.

Purebreds are recorded separately in the registry. Dog breeders are actively encouraged to check the registry to learn more about particular dog breeds. The breeder can use the records to analyze pedigrees, traits, and other important information. The registration process will differ according to the state you live in, the registries, and the kennel clubs. A certain breed will have standards which the breeder will need to adhere to. The breeder should follow all the rules to ensure the health of the dogs.

The dogs will be required to undergo eye examinations, hip certifications, and joint x-rays. Your dog will have to undergo variety of tests and tasks before obtaining its certification. An expert will have to evaluate your dog's working qualities and other factors before certification can be granted.

New breeders are often nicknamed 'backyard breeders.' These mass producing businesses are called puppy mills, or puppy farms. Animal activists dislike all forms of dog breeding. As a breeder it is your responsibility to behave in an ethical manner. Animal activists claim that inbreeding increases the chances of dogs inheriting genetic disorders. They feel the world is becoming overpopulated with pets, and they also protest against the annual killing of pets in animal shelters.

Dog breeders are well aware of the fact that dogs possess inheritable characteristics in the same way that humans do. It is therefore important to ensure that only the good characteristics are passed on to pups. Common hereditary problems include hip dysplasia, heart conditions, eye problems, bone or joint conditions, and deafness.

Breed clubs and dog registries conduct extensive studies into these inherited conditions so that breeders can have enough information to help prevent them. The OFA (Orthopedic Foundation of Animals) collates useful information for dog breeders.

Dog breeding enjoys a long and rich history. People have chosen dogs as their pets for thousands of years, so it's no wonder dogs are able to enjoy such a close relationship with their human companions. Do you want to become a dog breeder? Make a decision now.