With the medical advancements, ovarian cysts are easily recognized through the frequent use of the ultrasound machine. This fluid-filled sac growing in the ovaries affects any women of any age either infants or post-menopausal females although this often takes place when the woman is at the peak of her hormonal development, this being the adolescent or puberty stage. An ovarian cyst presents abdominal pain, increased menstrual bleeding, pain during menstruation or dysmenorrhea, and longer intervals between each menstrual cycle as some of its symptoms.
When there is a disorder in a woman’s ovulation such as the likelihood where the corpus luteum fails to form and continues to grow as a follicular ovarian cyst when the passage way of the egg that is released by the follicle is blocked. Another possibility that an ovarian cyst occurs is when the follicle still continues to grow if there is an evident failure of the follicles to release its egg. Follicular ovarian cyst are usually painless, do not pose any harm to the person and fades away during the second or third menstrual cycle on their own. A corpus luteum ovarian cyst usually grows up to four inches in diameter and disappears by itself in a few weeks time. Since it can bleed by itself or have the ovaries twisted, this type of ovarian cyst may induce sharp abdominal pain and lead to internal bleeding.
Stress can stimulate the adrenal glands to increase its production levels of cortisol thus making it possible for a woman to have dysfunctional follicles. Other lifestyle factors include poor diet where there is too much sweets in the food choices causing a significant rise in the insulin levels, making a person become obese hastening the growth ovarian cysts since the ability of the cells to digest insulin are already greatly decreased. Lack of exercise and an increased production of estradiol levels causes the ovarian cysts to grow.
The type of estrogen produced by the ovaries secreted in the follicles and nurtured in the ovaries is the estradiol. Estradiol levels that is produced by the human body, varies from each female and also depends on the progress of her menstrual cycle. A blood test and an ultrasound can be used as a tool to measure the level of estradiol in the body. Follicles are known to be mature when the size reaches 14 up to 20 millimeter in diameter and the estradiol or E2 levels are already 200pg/ml.
Menopur or Follistim are some follicle-stimulating hormone injections administered to person who are undergoing IVF or in vitro fertilization to stimulate an increase in follicle growths. Although in the IVF cycle, follicle count and size are increased with the help of hormonal injections we always must put into consideration the age of the female. This is because in older women lesser eggs are being stimulated during an IVF cycle. Also, be it a warning that women who have ovarian cysts and is undergoing IVF cycle must be closely monitored with their E2 or estradiol levels since elevated E2 level causes OHSS or ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.