The shoulder is among the most important body parts. We use it for shooting balls, throwing objects, blocking, balancing, and many other things – all of which can result in injuries varying from mild to major. An athlete should take any injury to his shoulder seriously. One must identify the injury immediately, apply proper treatment, and prevent it from happening – if that's possible with any athlete.
The shoulder joint has the least bone-to-bone contact. It has a higher interplay with the muscles and cartilages, which lessens the friction and stress against it. However, this also means that more soft tissues are vulnerable to damage. The entire joint is composed of three bones: the humerus, the shoulder blade, and the collarbone. Some argue that the breastbone should be considered a part of it. Nevertheless, they all function as one.
There are a lot of movements that can cause shoulder injury. The first, called an overhead motion, involves the overstretching of the forearm and hand from the body. Repetitive movements have also been a cause of many shoulder injuries. Among the common injuries related to these are tendinitis, rotator cuff injury, and osteoarthritis. In sports, rotator cuff injuries are quite common. While these may be more frequent among baseball pitchers, other athletes like golfers, swimmers, and football quarterbacks also have their share of this pain.
A shock, fall, or any force that strikes the shoulders can also result in a major injury. Other examples of injuries include shoulder dislocations, separated shoulders, and bone fractures – especially the collarbone.
Rest is necessary for any injury. If the athlete experiences pain when moving their arms and shoulders, immediately have them stop. They should put ice on the injured area for about 20 minutes several times a day for the first three days succeeding the injury report.
Getting advice from a physical therapist is important. An athlete should be able to perform basic movements soon enough; however, severe injuries may take more time as well as operations. It may be a bit expensive and complex, that's why the injured person must be able to determine with his or her physician what operations are necessary.
You can avoid or lessen the probability of getting injured by simply following certain disciplines. These include paying attention to correct body mechanics. Increasing your upper body flexibility and strength are also critical. Both can not only prevent injuries on the shoulders, they can also promote your sport performance. Lastly, do not slack on stretching and doing warm-ups before any match or game practice.