There are many heart diseases of the cardiovascular system in the world like congenital heart disease, Valvular heart disease, Endocarditis, Coronary heart disease, heart attack and etc. The disease of the cardiovascular system that I will be researching now will be coronary heart disease.
The primary cause of this disease is that one of the coronary arteries is narrowed or blocked by fats. The risk factors include a family history, high cholesterol, hypertension, cigarette smoking, diabetes, obese and people who have lazy lifestyle. The chest pain that a patient experiences is called paroxysmal chest pain and it is also referred as Angina Pectoris.
Angina pectoris is a syndrome where a patient experiences chest pains happening suddenly, and resolving naturally in less than 30mins. It can relieved by taking a rest or taking nitroglycerin. This is where the patient experience tightness, squeezing or pressure on the chest. This is a situation where the patient is seen by holding his or her clenched fist at his chest. The pain will spread to the neck, teeth and arm. Normally, all these symptoms will cause the patient blood pressure to increase.
If the patient goes for a check up, the doctor will normally conduct an electrocardiogram which is normally known as electrocardiogram. The screen of the electrocardiogram will show inverted T waves indicating myocardial ischemia.
If a patient does not take care of himself by attending regular check up, this condition will progress to more severe disease like congestive heart failure.
The standard treatment to treat this disease is to put nitroglycerin under the tongue which will try to destroy the pain of the coronary ischemia by broadening the coronary arteries of the heart. Patients can also take longer acting nitrate preparations, beta-blocking agents and calcium channel blockers to prevent these attacks from happening. The doctors can also advise the patients to take aspirin daily in preventing platelet gathering and reducing the risk of myocardial infarction. If the condition worsens to a serious stage, the doctor might advise the patient to go for coronary artery bypass operation to open the veins and arteries.