Lower back pain is one of the most common neurological ailments. There can be several causes for it but mainly, it occurs as a part of the ageing process. You may also suffer from this kind of backache because of a sedentary life style. When you consult a doctor about your backache, you will have to tell him/her in detail about your problem. Therefore, it is very important for you to be aware of the various aspects associated with this type of pain.
Your working conditions play a very important role in this regard. For example, if you are working for long hours while sitting in a chair and if the chair is not ergonomically perfect, it may lead to certain back problems. However, in most of such cases, the pain does not stay longer than a week or so. However, when the pain is left unchecked or untreated, it may lead to some serious condition, which might take a longer time to resolve.
If the pain goes away within a few weeks, it is termed as acute lower back pain. It is mostly mechanical in nature, which can be caused because of certain disorders, such as arthritis, or because of a trauma, such as sports injuries or stress on the spine. Though, it is very uncommon in pre-teen children, but still, heavy schoolbags are very much likely to strain their back. The symptoms may range from an inability (or difficulty) to stand straight, limited range of motion, limited flexibility, stabbing or shooting pain. Acute pain syndrome should never be left untreated, as doing so may make the problem more severe. Besides that, it is also very important for you to understand that sometimes, you may feel pain in your lower back, not because your lower back is hurt but because of a problem elsewhere in the body. Therefore, you must explain everything clearly to your doctor so that he/she can diagnose the root cause of the problem.
In order to decide whether the lower back pain is acute or chronic, the duration of the pain is measured. For example, if the pain persists for longer than two months, it will be considered as a chronic case. This usually happens when you do not treat the backache at the right time. In such cases, it is very difficult to diagnose the actual root cause of the pain.
The possible causes for this kind of pain may include the aging process, injury and trauma, bone lesions, muscle problems, nerve irritation, scar tissue, congenital abnormalities in the spine, irritation to joints and discs, viral infections, osteoporosis or other bone diseases, and osteoarthritis. There are several other factors as well that may lead to this problem. These factors may include wrong sleeping position, poor physical condition or posture, stress, smoking, and obesity or weight gain.