External hemorrhoids are swellings in the veins surrounding the anus. They are similar to varicose veins in the legs. A thrombosed external hemorrhoid is a painful complication of this. Thrombosed hemorrhoid treatment includes the use of preventive measures, home remedies and alternative treatments, and surgical excision for the removal of blood from the thrombosed hemorrhoid.
Prevention of a thrombosed hemorrhoid is the best way to avoid costly treatment for this painful condition. The condition causes intense pain as blood supply to the hemorrhoid is cut off due to the formation of a blood clot.
You can easily prevent the condition by following dietary precautions, the use of a high fiber diet, and a regular bowel evacuation habit. Some more prevention techniques you can try at home include not sitting for long in the toilet and not straining hard to defecate. Home remedies for external hemorrhoids include the use of a warm sitz bath and not lifting heavy weights if you are predisposed towards the condition.
If you can follow all the above measures, you will find that the chances of the development of a thrombosed external hemorrhoid will become substantially reduced. However, it develops gradually. During the early period of its growth at least, you can use all of the above measures to prevent it from blossoming into a painful condition.
However, if it does reach a very painful stage, surgery is the only option to drain the blood-suffused hemorrhoid and relieve you from the intense pain. The surgical procedure is known as hemorrhoidectomy. In the procedure, a small cut with a clean surgical knife is made on the thrombosed external hemorrhoid under local anesthesia. This helps drain the hemorrhoid of blood and immediately provides relief from pain.
The above quick procedure may result in reformation of blood clots and persisting pain. Therefore doctors sometimes use the option of a full hemorrhoidectomy under again local anesthesia. This option helps remove the clot and the blood vessels in the hemorrhoid and yields better results. However, the full procedure takes longer to execute and requires sutures to close the wound formed due to surgery.
Pain and bleeding are some of the after effects of the procedure. However, application of direct pressure to the site or cauterizing the site with silver nitrate or with a surgical stitch is all that is required to control bleeding. As for pain a regime of ibuprofen and warm sitz baths forms an effective post operative remedy.
Another surgical procedure to drain a thrombosed external hemorrhoid is laser surgery. This procedure for thrombosed hemorrhoid treatment is less painful and results in much less trauma to the surrounding tissue. However, it is costlier than a hemorrhoidectomy.